Papillomas in children on the cheek and the nose: treatment of the virus

Methods of treatment of papilloma in children

It is known that almost 80% of the population is infected with the human papillomavirus (HPV). Because of this, appear on the body papilloma. The disease can affect people at any age. Papilloma in a child are considered to be one of the most common diseases at school age. Most often it is benign skin lesions. Less often they are localized on the mucous membranes. In our article, we will discuss the symptoms and methods of treatment of papillomatosis in children.

  • Symptoms
  • Treatment of tumors in children
  • Drug
  • Physical therapy
  • Cryosurgery
  • Surgical removal

Symptoms

Epithelial growths on the body of the child appear unexpectedly. They can occur on the neck, in the folds of the skin on the face, armpits, hands, soles, etc. If the skin is embedded papillomavirus, formed on the surface growths, warts, moles, papillomas. HPV rarely affects the mucous membranes of bronchi, larynx, mouth and nose.

Papillomas in children are different forms:

  • on the leg in the form of a mushroom;
  • flat;
  • elongated;
  • surround.

The color of the growths can vary from light to dark brown. If the baby acquired form of the disease, the tumors are usually localized in the armpits, nose, neck, hands, feet and around the nail plates.

For baby papillomatosis congenital form is more common the appearance of formations in the larynx and oral cavity. Infants growths can appear on the eyelid, the ear, the facial area or on the amygdala.

Papillomas in children can occur as single tumors or multiple growths. Education can achieve in the amount of 2-5 mm, and sometimes they grow so much that they occupy large areas of skin or mucous membranes. If papilloma in the child localized on the face, it can form psychological complexes. Rarely malignant they may be reborn.

The human papillomavirus can lead to the appearance of the following types of papillomas:

  • Vulgar education is common warts the small size, round shape. They have a rough, Horny surface. Usually appear on the buttocks, hands, knees, back, but can be in other parts of the body.
  • Squamous epithelial growths – the elevation of the surface of the skin. Typically their color is the same as that of the skin. In infants such papillomas can be accompanied by itching and inflammation due to scratching.
  • Plantar education is a small yellowish warts with dots inside. Because they are localized on the soles, it can cause problems while walking. Such tumors include dry corn, which is different from warts a lack of dots.
  • Threadlike outgrowths have a thin stem and a thickening at the end. More often localized in the armpits, on the face, neck, and groin folds. The color is similar to skin color or a little different. With frequent friction, the growths themselves can be separated. At this point there is a drop of blood.
  • In newborns the symptoms of the disease are characteristic of juvenile papillomatosis. In this case, papillomas arise in the area of the glottis and facilitate breathing and speech. This is a rare severe disease that is diagnosed in the first months of life when infected the baby during birth from an infected mother.
  • Epithelial hyperplasia. In this form of tumors can appear in the oral cavity. This small thready appendages, which require immediate excision because of the discomfort that they deliver the baby.
  • Warty dysplasia. This form shows a red-brown spots with a rough surface, localized on the hands and feet. Is rarely diagnosed, but in 1/3 of cases have malignant course.
  • Important! On the background of a weakened immune system, warts and papillomas of the baby can occur repeatedly.

    They don’t usually bother, but when tearing or scratching can become inflamed and spread to the skin. Parents should monitor the hygiene of the child, if the growths are in the area of the anus or inguinal folds. Since this place is they can often ulcerate and irritated.

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    Treatment of tumors in children

    If the child papilloma, hope that it will fall off by itself, not worth it, also do not need to self-medicate. Treat illness must only be a specialist, otherwise you can provoke malignant transformation of growth or the spread of warts to other parts of the body. Typically used conservative, operative and holistic therapies.

    The best is a comprehensive approach to the problem. This is based on the excision of the mass surgically. Since the cause of the disease is infection with human papilloma virus, after deleting it is necessary to undergo effective antiviral drugs, and to take immunomodulatory agent.

    When working with children, the doctor selects in each case individual treatment, given the size of the growth, the depth of the lesion of the epithelium, localization and survey of the baby. If there is a suspicion that the growth is malignant, histological analysis.

    Drug

    Conservative methods of treating warts, it is advisable to apply with individual entities that capture a small area of the skin. Usually prescribed vitamins and immunomodulators. Locally administered various lotions and ointments. If the disease is mild, the tumor itself can disappear after normalization of the immune system.

    There are various medications from papillomas. Your doctor may prescribe one of them, given the child’s age and tumor size:

    • Super Celandine can cause skin burns, so it is applied with a cotton swab only for growth. This drug is usually prescribed to older children due to his insecurity;
    • Verrucaria is applied to the tumor using a special applicator supplied. In medicine there is ethanol, metacresol and phenol. This drug allows you to remove papillomas due to their drying. After several days of use they disappear;
    • Products containing salicylic acid, for example, plaster Sliped or salicylic ointment, effectively help to fight against plantar warts.
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    You can also try Panavir gel, Kriofarma, Ferezol Solkoderm or oksolinovuyu ointment. If after a week of using the drug there is no effect, you should consult with a specialist.

    Physical therapy

    If conservative methods of treatment and drugs have failed, it is necessary to use a radical method, namely, the removal of warts. This method is also used when your child has complex due to their appearance. Also immediately remove papillomas of the larynx because of the risk of suffocation. For this purpose the following methods:

    • cryotherapy;
    • electrocoagulation;
    • the laser removal.

    The process of electrocoagulation involves the use of high frequency current for the removal of papillomas. Cell disruption of education occurs under the influence of high temperatures. The disadvantage of method include the need for anesthesia and long period of rehabilitation (wound healing quite a long time). The advantages include the lack of blood as it collapses under the influence of electrocoagulator.

    With a laser, the tumor can be removed at any place, at any depth. Does not matter its size. Before deletion is done in local anesthesia. During the operation, no bleeding because the laser it instantly stops. After the operation, practically there are complications.

    Cryosurgery

    This is the most effective method most often used to treat children. With grouppart the doctor for 20-30 seconds affects the tumor. Due to the impact of liquid nitrogen papilloma is frozen and destroyed. In its place is a small erosion, which heals in 7-14 days.

    The advantages of cryoablation include the following:

  • There is no need to perform anesthesia;
  • Not happening direct contact with blood and, therefore, completely eliminated the risk of infection;
  • After the procedure and healing of the skin does not remain scars;
  • The operation itself takes minimum time and does not require placement of the patient in the hospital.
  • Important: this method is ideal for treatment of children of preschool age.

    Surgical removal

    Excision of skin tumors in children using a traditional scalpel is now used very rarely. Direct appointment for this procedure – only the malignant process. In this case, it is necessary to remove not only education, but also the surrounding tissue to eliminate the risk of metastasis.

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    Also surgical removal is resorted to if necessary to conduct histological examination. This must be done in that case to ascertain the nature of the papillomas or warts have failed.

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