Instructions for use of Naphazoline and side effects

Naphazoline and instructions for its use

The drug is Naphazoline belongs to the alpha-adrenomimetikam and is indicated for the treatment of the effects of allergic reactions, nasal congestion in diseases of the upper part of the respiratory tract. Possessing many useful qualities, the drug has many contraindications, in particular, should know, what are the side effects of Naphazoline, contraindications and possible complications.

  • Pharmacological effect and release form
  • Instructions for use and composition
  • Side effects
  • Method of application and doses of drugs
  • Analogues of the drug

Pharmacological effect and release form

The nose has a pronounced effect and quickly relieves the symptoms of nasal congestion. As alpha-agonists, medication is typical vasoconstrictor effects of instant manifestation, the absence of symptoms is observed within 4-6 hours. In contact with the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity, the drug relieves congestion, significantly reduces the swelling and amount of discharge from the nose. To stimulate ALPHA2-adrenergic receptors, the drug minimizes exudation of the mucous membrane and facilitates nasal breathing in rhinitis patients with any degree.

Naphazoline drops produced in the form of a solution for nasal use. The liquid is enclosed in a glass vial or bottle-a dropper of durable polyethylene. A volume of 10 ml. Carton box contains a bottle of medicine and instructions for use.

Important! The application of drops may not last for more than 5-7 days in a row – the patient develops tolerance.

Instructions for use and composition

Embedded in each package of the drug instructions for use of Naphazoline gives detailed recommendations. Indications for the use of the drug are the patient’s condition:

  • Rhinitis heightened type in infectious diseases;
  • As a component of therapy for Eustachian, otitis of the middle type for the outflow of secretions and reduce swelling;
  • As a vasoconstrictor in nasal bleeding;
  • Before diagnosis and other instrumental examinations of the nose to reduce the swelling of ENT-organs;
  • In allergic rhinitis.
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Symptomatic treatment can be carried out independently, but only if the drug was recommended by the doctor.

Contraindications do Naftizina also have:

  • Increase in blood pressure, a tendency to increased pressures;
  • Angle-closure glaucoma type;
  • Individual intolerance to components of the medication;
  • Children under 6 years. Allowed the use of the medication Naphazoline 0 05, but only prescribed by a doctor;
  • Pregnancy, lactation;
  • Hyperthyroidism;
  • Atherosclerosis;
  • Tachycardia, abnormal heart rhythm;
  • Chronic inflammation of the nasal mucosa;
  • The reception of MAO inhibitors or recent cessation of treatment with drugs of this group (up to 14 days).
  • Caution is assigned to the drug in diabetes. Apply drops in pregnancy is permissible only in the case of a professional risk assessment of the health of mother and child.

    Consider the medication Naphazoline, application instruction calls the following components:

    • The main active substance Nafazolin concentration of 0.1% and 0.05% — the latter can be used as baby Naphazoline;
    • Auxiliary substances: boric acid, purified water.

    Fact! When taking an adult drug in children of Naphazoline may develop poisoning and cause negative symptoms. Because it is important to carefully inspect the vial with drops on the subject indicate the percentage content of the main substance.

    Side effects

    When using the drug in adults and children may experience the following side effects:

  • Burning and/or tingling in the nose;
  • Sneezing;
  • Dryness of the nose, the fragility of blood vessels, which leads to increased risk of bleeding;
  • Sleepiness, the state of General lethargy;
  • Edema of the mucosa of the nasopharynx, hypermia – a manifestation of allergic reactions;
  • Hives, itching of the skin;
  • In rare cases, angioedema.
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    It is extremely important to prevent overdose. An overdose of Naphazoline in children leads to poisoning. The usual signs of intoxication:

    • Headache;
    • Nausea;
    • Vomiting;
    • Dizziness;
    • Tachycardia, increased blood pressure.

    Symptomatic treatment is adopted, should exclude the drug. If symptoms of poisoning the child does not pass through an adequate amount of time needed professional help – call an ambulance. While taking Naphazoline and local anaesthetics, the latter is reduced.

    Important! Poisoning with Naphazoline in children is most often observed in the case of exceeding the duration of therapy (over 5 days). The patient becomes tolerant to the drug, the effectiveness decreases, increases the required number of doses to facilitate breathing – all this leads to toxic lesion of the body. To avoid this, you should take a break of 3-5 days between courses of treatment do not exceed the recommended dose and, if necessary, to go to the doctor for the appointment of other nasal remedies for the relief of breathing the baby in chronic or persistent nasal congestion.

    Method of application and doses of drugs

    Liquid Naphazoline designed for internatilnal use. The scheme and dosage of a doctor. In the standard version a relieved breath occurs after instillation of 1-2 drops in each nasal passage.

    Dosage not effective for adults may be increased to 3 drops 3-4 times a day. For diagnostic purposes it is possible to reduce the dose of the drug. If the dripping a drug, for example, due to ulceration of the mucosa, it is possible to wet a cotton swab with the composition and clean the nasal passages from the inside. In the same way facilitate breathing in children, but take Naphazoline 0.05 percent.

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    If a runny Nose to treat in children, aged 1-6 years patients shows no more than 2 drops up to 3 times a day, at the age of 6-15 years 2 drops up to 3 times a day. The number of drops given for a single nasal passage.

    Important! Sometimes drops are used for instillation in the eye and ear. If necessary, the composition of 0.05% diluted with water by half to obtain a solution of 0.025% — it is also used as directed by your healthcare doctor. To engage in self-instill eye and ear without supervision and the permission of the doctor is strictly prohibited! The slightest inaccuracy in the dilution of the solution will lead to the fact that the patient may be poisoned. All details about the drops as eye and ear medication you should check with your pediatrician.

    Analogues of the drug

    Important! Before a possible substitute drug analogous to, be sure to consult with your doctor. Many of the identical compounds have other auxiliary components, which could develop allergies or adverse symptoms.

    At the pharmacy you can always pick up means, identical Naphazoline as the composition and effectiveness. Analogues Of Naphazoline: Naphazoline, Sanorin, Galazolin, Otrivin, Expra.

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