HPV in women — what it is and how to treat human papillomavirus
HPV 16 and type 18 in women: symptoms and treatment
HPV in gynecology is referred to sexually transmitted infections. A feature of the disease is that without timely treatment, the virus could mutate into cancerous growths. Human papillomavirus is a common disease, according to statistics, infected more than 50% of sexually active fair sex, besides, most of them not even aware of his carriage. Human papillomavirus infection in women may be asymptomatic and be discovered accidentally during routine examination.
I would like to note that, HPV in women can occur at any age Mature women. The good news is that it is not always papilloma in women causes cancer. With strong protective properties, immune system resists infection and destroys the cells of the virus, as soon as they start to become more active.
- What is HPV?
- HPV 16 and 18 type
- Symptoms of HPV
- Diagnosis and treatment of HPV in women
- Treatment of papilloma surgically
What is HPV?
What is HPV in gynecology can tell you details doctor, he even analyzes how the virus could get to you in the body. In medicine emit more than 120 ways of infection, 40 of them are unprotected sexual contact. In most cases, those types of HPV in women that hit during sex, turns into erosion.
To the human papillomavirus in women has evolved not necessary to vaginal sex, the disease is transmitted through oral contact and contact with the lubrication of the genitals. If a virus has entered the body of a woman through anal sex, the likelihood of developing cancer of the anus and rectum, far higher than cancer of the uterus and appendages. In rare cases, HPV in women can occur as a result of the kiss. Infection can occur during childbirth from the sick mother to the child.
The human papilloma virus in women in gynecology are very common allocate even risk group of patients that can develop, these include:
- had early sexual life;
- frequently changing sexual partners;
- with hormonal disruptions;
- women in menopause;
- with the presence of chronic inflammatory diseases;
- people with reduced immunity.
According to science gynecology human papillomavirus when using the same appliances and personal care with the sick person, is not transmitted.
Once ingested, the viruses meet immune cells that suppress the activity of the virus, and give it to multiply, if the immune system is weakened, HPV enters the basal layer of the skin and is embedded into chromosomes. Cells due to exposure to the virus mutate and begin to share not controlled on a limited surface. Accordingly, it is manifested in the development of warts and genital warts.
HPV 16 and 18 type
Modern gynecology allocates more than 150 types of HPV in women. Among them there are safe types of HPV and malignant strains. The most dangerous is considered to be 68 and 58 types. In 70% of cases, these strains may turn into cancer of the cervix. HPV 16 and 18 type in women is also considered to be highly oncogenic types. They do not always lead to the malignancy of condyloma, but the risk is very high. If a woman once diagnosed with hpv 16 or 18, the end of her life, she must be on the account at the doctor.
The slightest decrease in immunity or inflammation, may lead to re-activation of the disease, as it is known, cure HPV 16,18 and the remaining strains is not possible, the activity of the virus can only be suspended for some time.
Papilloma type 16 begins to show symptoms after three weeks, it is a major threat. When human papillomavirus type 16 is at an early stage of its development, it provokes benign growths on the skin and mucous membranes of the penis, they usually have the form of a circular shape and a diameter of 10 mm. the color of the growths can be bodily and brown. HPV type 18 in women are also very often marked, it is also highly oncogenic disease with similar symptoms, the only difference in the cellular structure of strain.
If the body is present in the papillomavirus type 16 and 18, can be triggered by the disease bovinity papulez. When infected by hpv 16 patients first note beige growths on the labia, then on hips and in the area of the anus. Warts may not cause discomfort as they do not itch and do not hurt. The human papillomavirus type 18 is developing much more actively than type 16 HPV, and strikes in a short time large areas of skin. Sometimes warts between coalesce and form large lesions that resemble mushrooms.
Symptoms of HPV
The symptoms of the disease manifested in different ways, the symptoms of the disease depend directly on the strain of virus that got into the body of a woman. Usually, the main symptom of the development of human papillomavirus are warts in your private areas and bleeding during sex. Warts can be on the vulva or inside. Their diagnoses during the examination, the gynecologist. HPV type 16 was subjected to nagrywania or ulceration, secrete a transparent liquid with an unpleasant odor. The main symptoms HPV 16 warts, can have a large size and grow all the sex gap, moving to the femoral-inguinal folds.
The human papilloma virus in gynecology is not uncommon, and medicine have studied this disease. In addition to education pointed Candida and warts, the disease does not manifest additional symptomatology that would characterizable reproduction in HPV DNA 16, 18 or other strains. Against the background of reduced immunity, may be General weakness, dizziness, insomnia and other typical symptoms, but they’re not associated with the virus.
Diagnosis and treatment of HPV in women
Treatment of human papillomavirus infection is a long and troublesome process starts, usually, with the correct diagnosis. To treatment HPV in women successfully, you need to exactly understand how strain develops in the body, because sometimes the treatment of HPV different. What is HPV 16 and 18 laboratory staff know well and can identify these and other strains in the cytological smear. Sometimes for accurate diagnosis, the patient can send to:
- PCR analysis;
- a biopsy of the cervix;
- molecular biological test;
- histology of the seized material.
HPV gyno examining for a long time, and physicians can confidently say that the disease develops in not one, but compared to other diseases, sexually transmitted. In addition to the above tests for the presence of HPV, the patient was sent for diagnosis of chlamydia, gonorrhoea, Mycoplasma and herpes. If there is an additional sexually transmitted infection, first remove it, and then begin to treat HPV in women.
HPV infection how to treat Your specific case will tell the doctor the-gynecologist, it is important that therapy needs to take place both sexual partner. If you recover only a woman, and the vector was male, couple from HPV do not get rid of never, will be re-infection, re-exacerbation.
Treatment of HPV in women drugs that choose, based on test results. As a rule, use such medicines:
- Panavir intravenously;
- Bonafton ointment;
- Aldara cream.
If you have HPV type 16 in women antiviral treatment cannot completely heal the patient. It is necessary to rid the body and related diseases that can give impetus to the development of a dormant virus. To treat human papillomavirus infection using such drugs:
- Imunofan in cancer;
- Retinoic ointment.
We would like to mention pregnant women. If the lady was infected on the first months of childbearing, the treatment of HPV type 16, 18 and other strains, not be conducted until the birth of the baby. Treatment of HPV in women in this sensitive period, will be to increase immune strength. From an infected pregnant woman, a child is born a carrier of the virus in 78%. If the human papillomavirus type 16 in women was before pregnancy, the baby can be born without defects and completely healthy.
HPV infection in the first months of pregnancy, is fraught with pathologies of the fetus. The woman can even recommend to terminate the pregnancy or allow her caesarean section.
Treatment of papilloma surgically
Papilloma human in women treatment may include not only conservative. Of course, antiviral agents act on the pathogen inside blunting its activity, but most of all, discomfort deliver visible growths on the skin. Treatment for HPV 16 and 18 can be carried out surgically doctors excised the skin with the warts and sent for Cytology. This analysis will allow us to understand the degree of aggressiveness of the disease and removes build-up that did not give rest to the patient. Guarantees that this place will no longer appear of the wart, the doctors do not give, moreover, the rehabilitation period after complete removal of the growth is long and painful.
Treated whether HPV 16, 18 other ways, interested in a huge number of people faced with the disease. In modern medicine there are a number of minimally invasive techniques that are increasingly used in the fight against warts. Among the most effective ways of treatment note:
- electrocoagulation — the impact of the current small capacity for growth;
- cryotherapy — the effects of liquid nitrogen on the warts and the skin around it;
- laser therapy — a laser beam of a certain length on the wart.
It is a minimally invasive methods give the answer to the question of how to treat HPV in gynecology and obstetrics, leaving more scars on the skin, and with a complete absence of rehabilitation period. After these procedures, there is no need to stay in hospital, you can immediately go home. For the procedure, the patient does not even need to inject the anesthesia, soreness is minimal.
HPV in women what it is, now you know, it is important that in this disease, to remove the warts is not enough, you need to work on the causes of their formation. If the papilloma is treated properly and the patient follows the prevention of its exacerbation uses vitaminstores food, lead an active lifestyle and uses a barrier method of contraception, illness, and for a long time may not be felt. Remember, what is HPV, and how heavy the consequences can be if you run virus. At the slightest symptoms and even conjecture infected with HPV, talk to your doctor about how to treat the disease, he will tell you in individual consultations.