HPV how is HPV and can it get infected

How is HPV and methods of infection

The land is about 80% of the population infected with the human papillomavirus. Because HPV infection on the body may appear not only harmless warts, but genital warts, and growths that are malignant can be reborn, it is very important to know how HPV is transmitted. Perhaps this knowledge will help someone to avoid infection and to protect themselves from dangerous diseases such as cancer of the uterine cervix, vulva, vagina, anal moves, penis and even breast cancer. In our article we will tell you about HPV is transmitted, risk factors and prevention measures.

  • How is human papillomavirus?
  • Risk factors
  • Prevention

How is human papillomavirus?

First, let’s say that the papilloma is transmitted through the epidermis and saliva. At the same some time an infection may not be evident and manifest by the formation of warts and papillomas only at decrease in immunity. If to speak about that, how is the papilloma virus, significantly increased the probability of infection in the presence of the skin damage, scratches and abrasions.

Attention! Many people wonder whether the papilloma is transmitted by inheritance. The answer is, no. Just when infected by one of the members of the family human papilloma virus is transmitted in the home, or from mother to baby during childbirth.

Known routes of transmission of viral infection from person to person:

  • It is contagious through casual contact, that is, through touch, shared household items, clothes. Transmission of infection may occur through kissing.
  • If a person has genital HPV transmission can occur through sexual intercourse, that is, during unprotected sex.
  • Samsarajade possible when shaving, hair removal and other skin damage. Since papilloma is contagious to surrounding healthy skin cells, virus the people can migrate from the diseased parts of the body healthy.
  • Vertical method of infection is transmission from mother to child during birth.
  • Much less frequently the infection occurs in the transfusion of donor blood during surgical removal of tumors caused by HPV. Also the infection is not excluded in beauty salons, nail salons, baths, saunas and pools, where the neglected rules of asepsis.
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    If we talk about how do you get papilloma in 70% of cases of sexual infection, the culprit is male. In the presence of epithelial tumors on the lips or genitals the probability of infection is almost 90 %. It is also worth considering that the presence of a condom at least and reduces the risk of infection, still does not guarantee 100% protection because HPV can penetrate through small injuries on the skin of the hands and other parts of the body. Moreover, genital warts can be localized in the groin or pubic part where a condom will not protect from direct contact with a partner.

    Important! If one of the partners is a carrier of the virus, but he had no papillomas, warts, or warts, the risk of infection of the second partner is greatly reduced.

    If you list the ways you can become infected with HPV to the newborn, the infection in the prenatal period is unlikely, as the virus enters the bloodstream and the fetus is protected by amniotic fluid, bladder and placenta. However, in clinical practice there have been rare cases of intrauterine infection in case of damage of the placenta and membranes.

    Women planning pregnancy, it is important to know contagious if the child’s father and if he can pass the infection to the mother, as appeared during pregnancy genital warts dangerous for the baby. In the case of infection of a baby during childbirth there is a risk of the appearance of his papillomatosis of the larynx and subsequent suffocation. Since the infection is transmitted through saliva, it is important to consider the presence of men papillomas, warts and warts in the mouth and on the mucous membranes of the oral cavity, there could be infected by women during oral sex.

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    If someone from the family members, there are papilloma, how it is transmitted in the home, it is important to know all the family:

    • through shared bedding, towels, soap, cosmetics, and a loofah virus could get into microtrauma on the skin;
    • infection through saliva is possible if you use the same toothbrush or utensils;
    • it is not excluded infection through the clothes.

    Risk factors

    We figured out, how do you get human papillomavirus, but it is equally important to know not only the ways of transmission of HPV, but the risk factors for infection with human papillomavirus. So, the human papillomavirus is much easier to penetrate the skin and mucous membranes on the background of the following triggering factors:

  • Men, women and children the infection is most likely due to impaired immunity. This can be facilitated by a common cold or sore throat.
  • The risk of Contracting HPV increases with violation of the microflora of the intestines or vagina. In the first case, suffer from a General immunity, in the second case, reduced local defenses, and increases the likelihood of Contracting sexually transmitted.
  • Reproductive tract infection are the most common cause of infection compared to other sexually transmitted diseases (syphilis, gonorrhoea, trichomoniasis, etc.).
  • Any ways the transfer can be for a person potentially dangerous on the background of aggravation of chronic disease, when the body is weakened by illness.
  • There is no doubt, contagious papilloma. The virus can easily penetrate from the medium into the cells of a healthy person, if its defenses are weakened by stress, lack of energy, fatigue or depression.
  • Important! Any viruses are more easily transmitted to men and women who have bad habits (Smoking, alcohol). Also significantly increases the risk of infection in women taking combined contraceptives.

    Predisposing factors for sexual transmission are the following conditions and diseases:

    • early sexual initiation;
    • prostitution;
    • frequent change of sexual partners;
    • a promiscuous sex life;
    • sexually transmitted diseases in anamnesis;
    • age older than 35 years;
    • pathology of the cervix;
    • immunodeficiency States.
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    Prevention

    We figured out how is the human papillomavirus (women, men and children), it now remains to consider preventive measures. Immediately it should be said that the most effective way not to get infected, is a preventive vaccination. To date, there are two types of vaccines against this infection is the drug Gardasil and Cervarix. They protect against the most dangerous oncogenic strains of the viral infection. However, the high efficiency of such protection occurs only if vaccination at an early age, before the entry into sexual life or to infection with one of the strains of HPV.

    As for other methods of prevention, then the rules of hygiene, condom use, legible sex life and refusal of bad habits has not been canceled. It is useful to support the strength of the immune system: eat right, be tough, play sports, walk in the fresh air periodically to drink vitamins.

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