How does a fungus toenails?
Not everyone knows what it looks like fungus of the toenails, and can at this stage to identify the disease and begin its treatment. Itching, redness, peeling and cracks are all signs of this disease. However, there are other diseases with similar symptoms, such as eczema or psoriasis. And even toenails can change your appearance is not due to a fungal infection, but because of psychological stress or other diseases of internal organs. So the final diagnosis can only ask a doctor after receiving your test results. The task of the patient — time to go to the doctor when you see warning signs.
The main symptoms of fungal infections
The typical symptoms of athlete’s foot is peeling, and most of all a certain shape in the form of rings or plates. Sometimes it is so small, that this situation may continue for months, if not years, and not one to cause much discomfort. Some people while trying to deal with such manifestations of mycosis alone. They use folk remedies like iodine, vinegar and green stuff, and for some time the disease really disappears. Or rather so it seems, and in fact, this treatment leads to the fact that the fungus on his feet just freezes, and then continues to multiply upon the occurrence of a more favorable situation.
Furthermore, if at an early stage of the disease is not cured completely, and only remove the symptoms, very soon it will spread on the nail and smooth the skin. Not to mention the fact that fungal diseases can develop other members of the family.
The degree of damage for athlete’s foot depends on many factors. If there are prerequisites, such as microtrauma, various pathologies of the endocrine system, diabetes, if a person passes a certain treatment with glucocorticoids or cytotoxic drugs, all this contributes to the further development of the disease.
Nail fungus and its symptoms
Flexible toenails is manifested in different ways. It all depends on the stage of the disease and what type of fungus is the cause. Normal nail should be smooth, pink and even brilliant. If the condition of the nails away from the described ideal, then the body that something is happening.
Nails grow at a certain speed. When a person is stress, this speed is reduced, and the nail becomes thinner and weak. Then the body comes back to normal, and the nails return to their original state in terms of growth rates, but this weak streak on the nail plate still remains. And if human life is quite nervous, then such bands may be several. In addition, onychomycosis (which is the scientific name of nail fungus) is not the only disease that leads to a change in nail color or shape. Such diseases, as the immune disruptions, hormonal imbalance and other disorders of the endocrine system, lead to the same results. That is why it is necessary to analyze in each particular case.
How does the fungus largely depends on what the microorganisms are called onychomycosis. And it can trigger several types. For example, if we are talking about the dermatophytes, the fungus looks just like the clouding of the nail. This is a manifestation of the initial stage of nail fungus on the feet. After this, there may be yellow spots on the edge of the plate and even in the middle of it. Then there are longitudinal stripes, and the nail begins to break down.
Otherwise, problems caused by yeast fungus. In such cases, the nail plate becomes noticeably thinner, acquires a grayish tint, and after some time is already moving away from its normal position. This is largely due to the fact that worsens the metabolism of the injured cells. Simultaneously manifested furrows on the nail shaft to definitively confirm the diagnosis of yeast fungus.
It’s worth to mention mildew. Usually it only affects the nail plate, causing turbidity and color change, it can be light yellow, greenish, brown and even black.
A feature of these fungi is that they cause only superficial lesions and do not penetrate deeply inside.
It is clear that the diagnosis can be made only by the attending physician who will consider all the symptoms and conduct tests. Self-treatment without going to the doctor is fraught with very unpleasant consequences.
Stages and types of onychomycosis
For example, if the onychomycosis normotrofichesky changing the color of the nail, it can appear in stripes and spots, but its thickness and luster is normal. Many think that it is nail fungus, the initial stage which is about to grow into a more serious pathology, but in fact, the fungus in these situations respond well to treatment.
When gipertroficescoy onychomycosis is a change of nail color, its brightness is lost, the nail thickens and there is deformed, in some cases, even the destruction of the edges. Animalisticheskih view is often called atrophic. This is not the nail fungus on the feet, the initial stage of which is expressed in the cracks and color change, here treatment will be different, because atrophy of the affected part of the plate.
Treatment of mycosis of the feet and nails
The first thing that needs to be done in this disease is to consult a doctor who will help you choose the product that meets the following requirements:
- high antifungal activity, which allows to deal with different types of pathogens;
- a big enough concentration of active substance in the drug, and in the superficial layers of the skin after application;
- a comprehensive antifungal and antibacterial therapy;
- absence of contraindications and side effects, including allergic reactions;
- the ease of use.
Under these requirements, it is not surprising that the stage of choice of medication is crucial. As a rule, in the absence of complications used drugs on the basis of substances such as ciclopirox and naftifine. They are produced in the form of ointments, at least — in the form of tablets. At more serious stages of fungal infection to treat it it is recommended drugs on the basis of terbinafine and fluconazole.
Such therapy the attending physician, taking into account whether other medications will be taken by the patient. These drugs can give side effect in the form of vomiting or dizziness. This is considered acceptable. Generic drugs are softer than the original, but the effect of them is small.
Early in advanced cases practiced surgical removal of the affected tissues. This was especially true of nails. Now they use the drill like the one used in dental offices. Even in the most advanced cases, the filing of virtually all nail takes about half an hour. But if the problem is only one affected nail, it will take only about 5 minutes.
After the procedure, no additional precautions do not need to take. No pain this procedure is not possible to lead a usual lifestyle, to make Jogging etc. it is Important to ensure that the affected skin is not injured.
How effective are folk remedies?
Any doctor will tell you that the recipes of traditional medicine in this disease is not effective and even harmful. Firstly, no vinegar, no grass, not even honey, in spite of its antiseptic, fungus practically not affected. Yes, friends, you can hear that some of these recipes helped to relieve from itching or cracking. Well, so these features are just not treated the fungus. The same psoriasis or eczema have similar symptoms and are treated well above national means.
Second, these medications help eliminate the symptoms of fungus, that is, for some time, his mask, and this is enough to have infected everyone in the family.
However, the above mentioned vinegar is an effective for other purposes — it can be used for washing linens and shoes to prevent re-infected with fungus. The only shoes that are not washed, and immediately throw away is Slippers because they will not be able to disinfect. Vinegar can be used for disinfection of the bath.