Gneiss in newborn infants: description and risk gneiss

Causes of gneiss in newborns

Usually newborns have hair, which will eventually disappear in those places where friction often occurs: in contact with the parent hand, a pillow. And parents often notice on the head of a baby’s skin, covered with crusts. The crust is gneiss in newborns, non-inflammatory process in a child’s scalp. Should I be concerned if I discovered this phenomenon?

  • Description of the gneiss
  • The factors causing the gneiss
  • In some cases, the gneiss threat

Description of the gneiss

The appearance of crusts on the baby’s head is not a disease, but a special condition of the skin of the scalp in children.

This condition has several names:

  • LEP;
  • seborrheic dermatitis;
  • cradle cap;
  • milk crust;
  • gneiss.

Please note! Scientists still don’t know the exact causes of this condition, but identified several factors that increase the risk of the appearance of milk crust. Breastfeeding is not one of them.

Gneiss in children is manifested in the first weeks after birth and usually goes away by six months. In some cases, the gneiss is a concern in infancy, but to emerge a year or even five or six years. Gneiss usually affects only the scalp, but may involve:

  • eyebrows;
  • neck;
  • ears;
  • forehead.

Looks like gneiss? It’s a yellowy crust covering the scalp. They have a whitish, yellowish or gray color. Their structure is characterized by a scaly in appearance they are similar to dandruff. Dairy crust do not cause pain or itching and usually do not bring the child discomfort. Usually the scales are quite thick and are separated over time on their own, in their place appear new crust.

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The factors causing the gneiss

When gneiss is marked unstable sebaceous glands, after birth children survive the adaptation and restructuring of the body. Because of the excess sebum on the head mixes with skin flakes and hardens to form a crust. The hair in areas of education may be confused and stick together, they find it difficult to comb. Some children observed a fluctuating course of seborrheic dermatitis: to increase or decrease the formation of crusts. There are a number of external and internal factors that affect the rate of formation of crusts and the number of them.

  • Allergies. The rapid formation of crusts on the head could trigger an allergic reaction. The mother should adjust the diet, removing from the diet foods that increase allergic reaction in a child.
  • Violation of the temperature regime. Children have an imperfect system of regulation of temperature. Therefore, when parents are too warm, dress baby happens to be a strong overheating and excess sebum. To reduce the rate of formation of crusts, often necessary to arrange baby air baths and more sensitive to the choice of clothes.
  • Washing your hair too often. Parents can too often to wash your hair with shampoo or normal soap, trying to wash off the milk crust. Because of this, the skin too dry, an increased separation of dandruff. The body tries to compensate for the lack of moisture the sebum secretion. Excess amount of fat and rapid separation of dry skin and provoke the increased formation of crusts.
  • Please note! Babies head should not be washed more than twice a week, this is not to use ordinary soap, only shampoo!

  • The wrong shampoo. In infants the skin is thin and extremely sensitive, it can react to cosmetics, including shampoo or one of its components. The inscription on the means of «hypoallergenic» does not exclude the risk that the tool is not suitable the skin of your child. Try a few ways to wash babies ‘ heads to find the best shampoo, does not cause a negative reaction.
  • Hormonal disturbances. In some cases, persistent, permanent and strong scabs may signal the presence of endocrine disorders in the baby. In this case, the child may be too fast or poorly gaining weight, there may also be problems of growth.
  • Eating disorders. Children’s digestive tract is not always ready to accept new food. Therefore, a gneiss may be caused by a reaction to solid foods. If you are not introduced to children’s diet of new products, but the gneiss appears in the background of violations of a chair, frequent vomiting and other signs of disturbance of the digestive tract – I need to see a doctor.
  • Important! Your pediatrician should examine the gneiss during routine health checks. However, if you suspect that dairy crust formed due to systemic disorders in children – doctor’s consultation is required immediately.

    In some cases, the gneiss threat

    Gneiss can bring the child discomfort in a few cases. For example, if parents attempt to tear or to cut the resulting scales. In this case, mechanical damage to scalp and the formation of wounds. Also child will feel pain and burning sensation, if the parents decide to handle brown with iodine, brilliant green or other means. In this case, the delicate skin of the baby can get a serious chemical burn. In addition, the gneiss can cause pain and discomfort during infection of microcracks. The kids could tear or scratch the scabs on the head or on the face, which causes tissue damage and severe pain.

    Important! If the baby’s head appeared a wound, the local temperature, unpleasant smell, minor bleeding, suppuration, redness or severe skin seal something I need to call the pediatrician! These signs are not the norm at seborrheic dermatitis and indicate the presence of infection.

    Rules that must be followed by parents:

    • does not cauterize the milk crust;
    • try not to tear the scab;
    • do not allow your child to touch the gneiss.

    The infection can get into the cracks that occur in the gneiss, if the child touches the head with unwashed hands after contact with Pets, where there are infrequent changes of bedding, lack of hygiene.

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