Furunculosis — causes and treatment boil on the body
Causes of boils on the body and its treatment methods
Well-groomed skin can be a real pride, because people are accustomed to evaluate it from the point of view of aesthetics. Meanwhile, this is one of the most important organs that performs the body’s many functions. Boil on the skin can appear unexpectedly, it would seem that a completely healthy person. From these phenomena no one is immune. The disease has no age preference, it could appear in adults and in children of preschool age.
- What is the boils and its symptoms?
- Treatment of boils
- Treatment with antibiotics
- Immunotherapy and the use of vitamins
What is the boils and its symptoms?
On the skin of each person is constantly inhabited by many bacteria, which do not pose a special danger when a person has a strong immune system and good health, but if the body is weakened and cannot fully defend themselves, bacteria aktiviziruyutsya and provoke inflammatory processes. Furunculosis it is a purulent inflammation of the hair follicle and the nearby tissues. The symptoms and treatment of boils not known to many people, so most of them, noticing the seal on the skin, mistakenly perceive it to be an ordinary pimple, not even suspecting that this bump can cause sepsis and serious inflammations of internal organs. Boil on the skin can have different sizes, they vary from a pea to a walnut.
Furunculosis symptoms has pronounced, they are inflammation on the skin that, over time, significantly rises over the rest of the cover and gives a sharp pain. The development of boils is accompanied by the formation of a dense infiltration inside him. The skin around the tumors it swells and becomes bright red. At the center of the cone-shaped growths, marked purulent head, which spontaneously opened, and releases a large quantity of pus with the blood.
Why do I get boils, interested in all the people, faced with this unpleasant disease. Usually the provocateur of the disease performs bacterial flora, which develops on the surface of the skin in places where there is hair covering.
Boils on the feet and the palms never appears. The most dangerous boils on the face, head and abdomen. They reside near blood vessels and pose a huge risk of suppurative infiltration into the bloodstream.
Furunculosis causes may have the following:
- a weakened immune system;
- lack of vitamins;
- diseases of the endocrine system and hormonal imbalance;
- mechanical damage to the skin;
- lack of personal hygiene;
- improper diet;
- diabetes mellitus;
- the abuse of drugs;
- kidney disease and liver;
- excessive sweating of the skin;
- the presence of chronic inflammatory processes in the body.
The likelihood of developing boils in different parts of the body is increased when wearing tight synthetic clothing, abuse of alcohol and constant presence in a dusty, dry room.
If there are boils on the body causes and treatment, the doctor determines individually. Independently self-diagnose and to appoint a therapy, not only dangerous, but not reasonable. Without defining the type of agent that is only possible in laboratory conditions, to choose the right medication for the treatment of furunculosis, it is impossible.
Treatment of boils
First, how to treat boils to be a thorough diagnosis of the patient’s condition by visual and instrumental methods. The treatment of boils is usually performed in a hospital, doctor dermatologist. Sometimes, you may need to consult other specialists, if it is boil in the ear, nose or other unusual sites.
It is very important to start the treatment of boils, do not run the disease and not to miss the moment when it is still possible to rectify the situation the conservative method. With timely treatment, to avoid complications.
It should be mentioned that for boils there is a high probability of infecting others. Fluid — purulent infiltration, contains a huge number of bacteria, and if it gets on the skin of a healthy person, can provoke infection.
Treatment with antibiotics
Taking into account the fact that the boil in the human body provoke bacteria, it is not strange that the pathology being treated with antibiotics. Antibiotics for boils doctors reduce the number of bacteria in the inflammation and prevent its spread to new areas of healthy skin. In complex therapy involving drugs for external application on the basis of antibiotics and means for taking internally.
Among the ointments that are used in the treatment of boils include:
- Great respect to the composition of the drug is chloramphenicol, a powerful antibiotic that is sensitive to most anaerobic microorganisms and gram-positive bacteria, as well as immunostimulatory agent methyluracil;
- Ointment contains Mupirocin as part of an antibiotic mupirocin broad spectrum of action;
- Gel 2% fuzidin-sodium is used if the causative agent of the inflammatory process was not very sensitive to the above antibiotics. This medication slows the growth and development of microorganisms, contributes to the purulent masses, and accelerates regeneration of damaged skin.
To eliminate signs of the disease, and the internal use of antibiotics particularly effective when they exhibit recurrent boils in different parts of the body. Treatment of boils is carried out such drugs as:
The dosage of the above medications, as well as the duration of treatment boil them, the doctor decides, on the basis of the patient’s condition and presence of comorbidities.
Modern pharmacy offers a huge number of drugs that help treat the boil. Each tool shows high activity at a certain stage of development of the abscess. Methods of treatment uncomplicated furuncle, will depend on the location of the boil. Since most of the discomfort the person experiences pain, the first thing doctors perform the epidural space the inflammation of the solution of novocaine. Among the anesthetic drugs that will improve overall health, it can be noted Codeine Novigan, Aspirin and Phenobarbital. If diagnosed with a disease like furunculosis treatment will include anti-inflammatory agents, for example:
- Salicylic acid;
- Boric acid;
- Vishnevsky Ointment;
- Zinc ointment;
- Ichthyol ointment.
These funds applied to: before he will reveal in the form of compresses for a few hours or overnight. Chiseled use of the drug for a few minutes does not give the expected effect.
Boil in some places, he would not be located, should be treated with antiseptics, are well established:
- Ethyl alcohol 70%;
- Tincture of calendula;
- Hydrogen peroxide;
- Salicylic alcohol;
- Solution furatsilina.
In the presence of ulcers, abscesses are treated with these antiseptics before opening and after infiltration. Shown to carry out reorganization of the crater of the boil with antiseptic — pour a small amount inside the open wounds.
Treatment of furuncle after opening is not terminated, then there is the stage of healing. To accelerate tissue regeneration and repair blue scar on the skin, prescribed ointment boils Contractubex, Solkoseril, Eplun and Baneocin.
If there are complications of boils or a long time is not marked spontaneous dissection, the doctor may refer the patient for surgical treatment. In the hospital, depending on where the boil is located in the patient is administered local anesthesia, and open the abscess pointed scalpel. After the boil opened, it sucked with the help of special tools, festering mass the blood.
Inside the boil there is always a dense greenish education, it is also called a tube or rod. Eliminate it very important if he stays in, the inflammatory process is again renewed.
Once in the wound cavity the necrotic core, the crater poured antiseptics and antibiotics from the group of tetracyclines, or cephalosporins. Glued up the wound with a cotton swab dipped in one of the healing ointments and plasters. Bandage with ointment must be changed every three hours and wash the wound with Hlorgeksidinom. Sometimes, the patient can be assigned to the influence of intramuscular penicillin 300 000 E D every 3-4 hours.
Throughout the day, the patient after surgery must be in a hospital under careful supervision of medical staff.
Immunotherapy and the use of vitamins
It is known that one of the main causes of boils there is a decrease in immunity that occurs due to lack of vitamins. Complex therapy of this disease is mandatory should include immunomodulators and vitamins. Proved themselves very well in restoring the protective powers of man, medicine:
To cure the boils will help and yeast, which can be purchased in every pharmacy. This drug promotes excretion of toxic substances from the body, and fills it with the missing vitamins. Doctors prescribe patients with furunculosis and individually vitamins, each of which is able to influence the pathological process that develops in the body:
- Retinol acetate (A)— accelerates the regeneration of damaged tissue;
- Thiamine (B1) — controls the level of oily skin and work every sebaceous gland in the body;
- Riboflavin (B2) normalizes metabolic processes in the skin;
- Ascorbic acid (C) improves blood circulation in damaged areas, reduces inflammation.
To the body is constantly getting all of these vitamins in full measure, you need to watch your diet and consume only healthy foods.
What are boils and what drugs it can be treated, now you know, but to use the above methods of treatment and medicines, not worth it. Folk therapy also has in its Arsenal a variety of treatment options, but these methods can eliminate only the symptoms of boils, causes of boils lotions and decoctions of natural components will not work. To open the boil and to improve your health, you need to only go to the clinic to see the doctor-dermatologist or surgeon.