Fungus of the toenails and its symptoms: drugs to treat

Symptoms of fungus on the nails and methods of treatment

To speak out about fungal diseases, many people are hesitant because of the prejudice that this disease affects due to lack of hygiene. In addition, all fungal diseases accompanied by unpleasant appearance of affected surfaces such as nail fungus forces the people constantly, even in summer, walk in closed shoes. In any case, the treatment of nail fungus on your feet will help permanently rid you of unpleasant symptoms.

  • Causes of fungus
  • Symptoms of dermatophytes
  • The Symptoms Of Candida
  • Fungi
  • Treatment
  • External and system tools
  • Local antiseptics
  • Laser treatment and dissolution plates

Causes of fungus

If we talk about the causes of nail fungus on the feet, they are not necessarily reduced to a lack of hygiene and carelessness. Reducing into one all the factors, why there is a nail fungus of the feet and hands, we can say that they are the consequence of slowing the metabolic processes in the distal parts of the body. As an additional precipitating factors include:

  • diabetes mellitus;
  • HIV and other immunodeficiency States;
  • circulatory disorders in extremities;
  • fungal infections of internal organs and the skin;
  • risks associated with professional activities.

Nail fungus occurs when the disease agent is embedded deeply into the nail plate until the nail bed. This disease can cause the following types of microorganisms:

  • yeast-like fungi;
  • dermatophytes;
  • some types of fungi.

Nail fungus and skin on the feet is very rarely embedded in keratinized education. This is only possible in the presence of their injuries. Typically, the microorganisms penetrate the skin through microscopic abrasions, cracks, blisters or scrapes. The most common place of implementation are the interdigital folds. Then the threads of the mycelium gradually reach the nail plate to infect her. Here for fungi formed the most favorable conditions: humid, warm, secure, satisfying. Dead Horny cells of the nail are protection and food for fungi.

Also, we need to understand how dangerous a nail fungus on my feet. First of all, the danger lies in the possibility to lose the nail. In some cases, infection by fungi can spread to the entire body. Also there is a possibility of secondary bacterial secondary infection. In this case, the disease may be complicated by other symptoms, also it will be harder to cure. It is equally important to understand how to identify fungus on toe nails.

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Symptoms of dermatophytes

You must know how to recognize nail fungus on the feet. Group of fungi dermatophytes has good adaptability, survivability and diversity. Their natural habitat is the soil. If we talk about what appears a fungus infection can occur through contact with Pets, walking barefoot across the garden or from a sick person.

Important! The infectiousness of dermatophytes is very high, so infections only a couple of contacts with the object infection.

Man often annoy following types of nail fungus on feet

  • Trichophyton mentagrophytes. This pathogen causes superficial white nail fungus on my feet. This type of mushroom loves warm and moisture, so infection occurs most often in public saunas and baths. The symptoms of nail fungus are the following:
    • most often affects the nails on the big toes;
    • interdigital also observed localization;
    • worried about itching;
    • small cracks;
    • redness;
    • the pustules and papules.
  • Trichophyton rubrum is the nail fungus, which primarily affects the distal part of the nail plate. Then it begins to spread to the cuticle. Signs of fungus on nails the following: a horn part thickens, coarsens, becomes yellow and starts to flake. The fungal parasite is affected and the skin around the Horny plate. She starts to peel off and becomes dry.
  • Epidermaphyton flocс, Trichophyton violaceum and Trichophyton schoenleinii. All these fungi belong to the category of omnivorous organisms, that is, they can settle on the nail plates and the skin and hair. The share of such nail fungus accounts for only about 5 percent of cases.
  • If you want to know how to recognize fungus on feet, all the dermatophytes are formed in the nail plate, as well as in the epidermal layer of branched mycelium. He causes a gradual peeling of the Horny plate, peeling of skin and formation of dandruff on hairy areas of the head.

    The Symptoms Of Candida

    What is the fungus, we understand. It should be added that the fungi of the genus Candida are the most common causative agents of the disease. The nails this kind of microorganisms can enter the traditional way (through direct contact, household items, shoes) or hematogenous.

    The first signs of nail fungus on feet usually appear closer to the cuticle, as Candida, and unlike yeast and dermatophytes, does not form a full-fledged mycelium. This species of fungus is only pseudomycelia. Because of the proximity to the cuticle there is a destruction of nicholaston, thereby slowing the rate of growth of the nail.

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    How to identify nail fungus in this case? Very simply, you need to pay attention to the presence of the following symptoms:

    • the stratum corneum dims;
    • the surface film of the nail begins to flake off;
    • the disease occurs with periods of exacerbation and remission;
    • five times more likely to this fungus affects horn formation on the hands than on the feet.

    Fungi

    This is the most dangerous, toe nail fungus, because usually he is not satisfied with the defeat of only the Horny plates and distributed throughout the body, causing fungemia. If we talk about how to identify the fungus, the mold is usually characterized by a very fast, almost rapid, destruction of corneous education, especially in comparison with dermatophytes. When this occurs, the lesion periungual roller, total destruction of the nail, as well as the defeat of the nail bed.

    Important! The frequency of infection by fungi is small and amounts to 15% of all fungal infections of nails.

    The symptoms and treatment of ailments caused by moulds, are somewhat different from those in the case of dermatofitia. When their therapy the conventional antifungal drugs are powerless. That is why before doing the foot treatment, you need to make a microbiological examination of the affected nails.

    Treatment

    How to start a nail fungus and, we understood, it now remains to consider the methods of getting rid of nail fungus. It is worth saying that to make it much easier at the initial stage of the disease because the fungus has not yet acquired such a reliable shield, as dead cells of the nail plate.

    The better to treat nail fungus on the feet can determine only an expert, given the type and severity of the disease. The list of drugs for the treatment of external fungal infections includes the following products:

    • Natural and synthetic protivodiabeticheskie funds for local use. These include various sprays, lacquers, ointments, creams.
    • Also conduct therapy with systemic action for use inside.
    • The affected areas are treated with external antiseptics.
    • Traditional medicines, plant-based with fungistatic and fungicidal action.
    • Hardware techniques. Most often used laser therapy.

    Not so long ago was a popular method of complete surgical removal of the diseased nail plate. Now this technique is seldom used because of pain, trauma, and temporary disability. Moreover, treatment of the feet this method does not guarantee full recovery because the mycelium can penetrate into the surrounding nail tissue.

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    External and system tools

     

    Depending on types of athlete’s foot and localization of nail fungus using the following medications:

    • funds to meet applications (ointments, gels and solutions);
    • special varnishes from nail fungus.

    Often, deciding how to treat nail fungus in severe and advanced stage, the doctor prescribes drugs with systemic action for use inside. The main active substance in them is usually the same as that in the medications for local use. This is usually tablets or capsules for internal use. It uses protivodiabeticheskie drugs of different groups:

  • Derivatives of imidazole.
  • Antibacterial agents polyene group.
  • Derivatives of triazole.
  • Echinocandin and medicines that cannot be attributed to any group.
  • Derivatives of N-methylnaphthalene, namely allylamine.
  • Local antiseptics

    To cure fungus toenails much easier if you apply a local antiseptic. These include:

    • Apple cider vinegar;
    • hydrogen peroxide;
    • baking soda;
    • potassium permanganate;
    • propolis solution;
    • birch tar;
    • Malavit;
    • lapis;
    • tincture of medicinal herbs.

    Laser treatment and dissolution plates

    Increasingly nail treatment carried out using a laser. It can be used to deal with onychomycosis and dermatomycosis. The thing is that the laser beam burns the mycelium in the matrix and nail plate, but horn education while not destroyed, and the patient will not feel any pain and discomfort.

    If you have a fungus, the treatment may be performed by another hardware technique, in which there is dissolution of the nail plate with a special reagent. As a result of such exposure to fungal organisms are deprived of protection and food and can be easily destroyed by any fungicidal local funds. If we compare this procedure with the surgical removal of the stratum formations, it is absolutely painless and does not deprive the patient of ability to work.

    Now you know how to treat a fungus. It only remains to add that often the procedure of treatment is quite long. But in any case, with great patience from fungal disease with proper therapy can fully get rid of.

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