Fungus in the human body — signs and treatment
Signs of fungus in the human body and its treatment
Fungi in the human body is very often diagnosed by doctors, and is not at all strange that modern medicine has more than 400 types. All of them are divided into 3 groups: yeasts, dimorphic fungi and mold. In a healthy organism, a small number of representatives from each of the groups is the norm, they sometimes even perform useful work. Aggressive behavior of microorganisms and their mass reproduction provoke adverse factors. In such situations, reduced immunity, the body itself is not able to control parasitic organisms and develop fungal infections.
- Symptoms and causes of
Symptoms and causes of
The mushrooms is a whole separate Kingdom of organisms, but for all its diversity, in the human body they develop according to the same pattern and provoke similar symptoms. It should be mentioned that the majority of fungi are parasitic way of life, and can exist solely due to animal, human or other living organism. In a hostile environment, away from the body of the host, the fungus dies very quickly. Among the main reasons that the immune system weakens and there is a fungal infection include:
- severe diseases of various etiology;
- bacterial infection;
- long-term use of antibiotics;
- diabetes mellitus;
- diseases of the blood;
- cancerous tumors;
- the constant presence in wet conditions and contact with corrosive substances;
- alcohol poisoning;
- the operational intervention;
- high stress and emotional turmoil;
Fungus in the human body is distributed regardless of his age and social status. It is a mistake to believe that the fungus is a disease of the homeless and people living in unsanitary conditions. Pathological process can develop, if you’ll just be wrong to eat for a long time to wear tight shoes or visit a sauna.
Mushrooms in the body can occur even due to excessive hygiene. Constantly using anti-bacterial soap, you wash the top protective layer of skin that normally is designed to resist the growth of fungi and bacteria. Weakened skin becomes more susceptible to the effects of pathogens, and even a minimal amount of fungi found on the skin, can trigger symptoms of Candida, Microsporum, or blastomycosis.
Fungal diseases of humans provoke a number of characteristic symptoms that they can know by visual inspection. The skin infection is very itchy, even if not noted flaking and redness. After some time, there is a burning sensation and tingling. The skin begins to redden and slightly swollen, areas of redness may form bubbles with transparent content or pus. Yellow color content suggests that fungal infection was joined by a bacterial flora.
It is very important to conduct antiseptic treatment of the skin, because if the content gets on healthy skin, it infects them as well. Serous fluid consists of a huge number of pathogenic microorganisms, so the fungus and affects new areas.
Not infrequently, people noted the peeling, the cause of which is increased skin dryness. The loose flakes can also be the impetus for the development of the disease in people that are using the same socks, shoes and hygiene with the sick person.
If you are diagnosed with a fungus of the internal organs, the symptoms of failure of certain systems. For example, vaginal candidiasis see vaginal discharge, if the pathogen enters the lungs, there is cough and shortness of breath that is not relieved by anti-inflammatory medicines. Fungal infection in the liver leads to widespread allergic reactions and hepatitis.
There are even certain forms of disease, which differ by the location in the human body:
- deep mycoses affect internal organs;
- epidermolise — multiplication of pathogenic microorganisms occurs in the skin, nail plate and hair;
- subcutaneous mycoses affect the deep layer of skin and tissue;
- superficial mycoses affect only the top layer of skin in a certain place, a typical representative of this species is versicolor.
Each disease has its own characteristics and principle of treatment, which is prescribed by a doctor after thorough diagnosis.
Fungus from the genus Candida occurs much more frequently than others. The genus of these microorganisms includes 20 species that are parasitic in the body. An interesting feature of this type of fungi is that they can provoke samsarajade of the body. A person is able to get both from the patient and from «yourself». Each have their own microflora on the skin and mucous membranes. If your diet is wrong or under the influence of other factors, the «bad» fungi aktiviziruyutsya and give a reaction on the skin, oral mucosa and intestine. Mass reproduction of fungi Candida, the common people called — thrush.
Symptoms of fungal infection of this type is characterized by red lesions with a whitish bloom, after the removal of which there are ulcers and extensive erosion. If there was candidiasis of the vagina and labia can be observed cheesy discharge white. The clinical picture is accompanied by severe itching, burning and violation of urination. Men may experience damage caused by fungi Candida of the skin of the glans penis, it becomes red, there is pain during intercourse, it is noted a small rash. In the hottest time of the year there is a fungal infection under the Breasts, in groin creases and armpits. Due to excessive sweating in obese people, may experience extensive skin lesions on the abdomen and in the area of the perineum.
Candidiasis often leads to
the defeat of the internal organs, for example, intestines. If not timely treatment not to fight with the pathogen, ulcers and necrosis of mucosa of the body. With the multiplication of fungus in the human lung, there is pneumonia and bronchitis.
The disease provokes a microorganism called Microsporum, this common fungus is called ringworm. It affects usually the scalp and the skin, in rare cases, the nails. Microspores can develop not only in humans but also in animals, they usually are distributors of the fungus. More than the disease-prone children, that contact with Pets, and I forget to wash my hands after playing with them.
In most cases, a carrier of the fungus, Microsporum are cats, less frequently dogs, to know a sick animal can the lack of hair on the face, and the presence of weeping wounds on the skin.
Once on the skin, the fungus begins its mass reproduction, if it is located in close proximity to hair follicles, the spores sprouting into the epidermis, destroys the hair follicle and lead to hair loss. The disease is characterized by extensive areas of inflammation. Symptoms of the disease are red scaly patches on the skin of different localization, as a rule, they are marked where there is hair. With the development of fungal infection, the spot may increase in diameter and covered with small nodules, vesicles and crust. In the center of the macula, over time formed a crust that flaky.
The disease microsporia is a very contagious, sometimes just a fleeting touch to get an infection. The incubation period of the disease is 5-7 days, during this time, the pathogen can manifest itself only itching in a certain area. Accordingly, the person is not suspecting anything, infect their friends and relatives.
People with hypersensitive skin, microsporia often masquerades as an allergic reaction, which significantly complicates diagnosis and leads to complications.
Cause of cryptococcosis are yeast-like fungi that affect the deep layer of the skin. This type of fungus never develops in a healthy person, it is the satellites of other diseases. Cryptococcus is present almost everywhere — fermented juice on the surface of insects, processed milk and dry poultry manure. In the human body, it penetrates through the respiratory tract, through the skin and along with food.
The characteristic of this type of fungus is that it is not transmitted by contact from patient patient — healthy.
In most cases, once in the body, the fungus first affects the lungs, then to the meninges and skin. External signs of the disease are the formation of papules and nodes that are surrounded by erythema. With the development of disease, erythema merge together and form a fistula with purulent contents inside. Fistula or mechanical damage, heavy bleeding and deliver the pain to the patient. Infection that spreads with the blood, can cause abscesses and tumors in different organs. That is why the fight against this type of fungus should be started at the first sign of symptoms.
Is a disease that belongs to the group of systemic mycoses. Blastomycosis can occur in several forms: pulmonary, cutaneous, osseous, genitourinary, etc., the Doctor can diagnose the disease only after microscopy and culture of skin biopsy. Causes a disease pathogen called Blastomyces dermatitidis, he dwells in the soil. Mingling with the dust particles, it can enter the human body through airborne droplets when in the ground. The pathogen is manifested in the form of small pimples on the skin red, in most cases, localized in the neck, face and shoulders. With the development of pimples turn into painful ulcers. The bloodstream, the disease affects the kidneys, liver, lungs, spleen, and forms in them abscesses. Could be a fungus parasite on the bones, causing arthrosis and arthritis.
Folk remedies treat blastomycosis — pointless, treatment in addition to antifungal medications will include antibiotics and radiation therapy.
Provocateur of the disease is the fungus Histoplasmosis, it affects the internal organs and not infrequently leads to death, if the person does not fight with him medically. The source of infection may be bird droppings or contaminated air that is available near the stool. Initially, the fungus entering the blood, affects the ears, nose, throat, and mouth. On the skin and mucous membranes produced wounds, and observed a significant increase in cervical lymph nodes. In the future, disturbed the functionality of the spleen and liver, and the intestine is covered with sores. Symptoms of histoplasmosis are also sudden changes in temperature, pain in the sternum, cough, shortness of breath, sweating, severe headache and General weakness in the body. The results of the blood test, the doctor can observe the sudden decrease in numbers of leukocytes and erythrocytes.
The disease develops very slowly, slowly showing the symptoms, it aggravates the diagnosis, because the long-term presence in the body, histoplasmosis becomes chronic stage and cure it is impossible.
Disease causing fungi of the genus Trichophyton, catch them from an infected person or from an animal that often is a carrier and source of fungal flora. The risk of Contracting a rise in workers of veterinary clinics, farms, as well as those who like to feed the stray dogs. The clinical picture of trihofitii something like shingles — on the skin marked clearly framed by a red inflamed spot, which initially forms a moist erythema, scaly and then peel. Skin and hair around the inflammation can be covered with white color is the spores of the fungus. The focus of the development of the fungus is very itchy, and delivers significant discomfort. If you develop ringworm in the scalp, the hair in the affected area begin to die under unnatural angles, twisting or even falling out, opening circular spots — bald spot.
The disease may acquire chronic course, when running a fungal infection of the skin in the affected area becomes bluish shade with grey and black dots. In the early stages of treatment trihofitii, is not difficult. If the disease struck the scalp, and caused the loss, then be prepared for the fact that the hair in the area of loss will no longer grow, the stain will remain.
No matter how scary and sad it was to realize it, but fungi are all around us, almost everywhere, and only from ourselves and how we conduct our life depends, takes mushrooms harm or benefit. Strengthening your immune system, constantly watching his health and controlling Pets, it is possible to avoid infection. Mold and mildew is a parasite that must be destroyed in the early stages. As soon as you notice cracks on the skin and peeling that I couldn’t go, just go to the dermatologist. Only a competent medical approach can cure infections caused by pathogenic fungal flora.