Fungal infection of toenails: what it is and its treatment

Treatment of mycosis of the toenails

Mycoses represent a group of common diseases and pathogens – the fungi. The fungus affects the areas of smooth skin, hair, nails, mucous membranes of the external genitalia, pharynx, nose. In this article, you can learn what made the treatment of nail mycosis, which is a disease.

  • Description of the disease
  • The treatment of the disease
  • Lamisil
  • Fluconazole
  • Protivogribkovye pills
  • Means of local action

Description of the disease

Mycosis of the nails (onychomycosis) is a type of mycosis caused by fungal lesions of the nail plate of a human. The nail mycosis in the early stages is manifested as ringworm – cracks appear on the skin around the nail, itching, burning of the skin. Over time, begins to manifest the clinical picture of fungal nail when fungus gets under the nail, into the layers of the nail. The fungus attacks the nails of hands and legs.

Treatment of mycosis of the toenails, the hands, must begin with the first symptoms of flaking, itching of the skin around the nail. Without a single regard, a lot of people miss the chance easily to cure disease which have to undergo long-term antimycotic therapy. In many cases, treatment of the disease without its complete removal is impossible and people have to wait to grow healthy nail plate.

The treatment of the disease

Treatment of mycosis of nails is to use antifungal drug, or combination therapy (depends on the General condition of the organism, extent of fungal infection, presence of secondary infection). For the purpose of a medicine, you must know which pathogen caused by a fungal infection of the toenails or hands, the severity of the disease. Assign medication can be a mycologist or a dermatologist, self-selection drugs can only improve symptoms of the disease.

Note. Fungal infection, affecting the nail plate of the nails on the hands to cure is easier than on my feet.

The wide use of purchased drugs of the system purpose. The most common drugs group – fluconazole, Orungal, lamisil. Apply medication oral form, the composition of the drugs are different, but the overall effect is the same. These drugs have antifungal action, inhibiting the growth, development and reproduction of fungi. With the defeat of several nails, you can use fluconazole, Orungal. When pronounced clinical picture, significant lesions of the nail plate, the surrounding skin, prescribed lamisil. The healing process takes 12-24 weeks, sometimes up to a year. Many people find it hard to cope with the fungal infection of the nails due to the fact that the treatment takes a long time, requires strict compliance with the therapy.

Lamisil

Lamisil tablets are used in the treatment of mycosis of the toenails, the hands. Different medication of high effectiveness, indications for use – the defeat of the nail plate by dermatophytes. The action of the drug is disruption of enzymatic reactions within fungal cells, whereby microorganisms are killed. The course of treatment may take 3-4 months, including 2 months spent on the destruction of pathogenic microorganisms, and others in the prevention against reinfection. Side effects occur with prolonged use of the drug in high doses, these include:

  • loss of appetite;
  • indigestion;
  • allergic reaction.

Contraindications:

  • hypersensitivity to the drug is its components;
  • liver disease, kidney;
  • gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer;
  • pregnancy, lactation.

An effective remedy for the treatment of onychomycosis, which hit a significant amount of the nail plate.

Fluconazole

Treatment of mycosis on the feet, the hands can be carried out using capsules fluconazole. Pharmacological action of the drug is observed after 1.5-2 hours after taking. After the transition into the General circulation, the active substance of the drug accumulate in the nail plate, can take active effect in that area 5 days. The essence of the drug is the destruction of the cell membrane of the fungus.

Fluconazole is a generic medicine which is used for mycoses caused by different species of fungi, a degree of neglect of the disease. Instructions for use of the drug contains information about the dosage, side effects. Minor lesions of the nail plate, the patient should take 50 mg of Fluconazole daily (the effect is noticeable after 2 weeks of use), in severe forms of fungal infections is 150 mg.

Treatment of nail mycosis with Fluconazole safe due to the absence of complications, side effects with long-term course of drug treatment. Among the contraindications noted hypersensitivity to drug, its components, kidney, liver failure. Also, the drug is not indicated for pregnancy, lactation.

Protivogribkovye pills

How to treat onychomycosis, if the opportunity to acquire the above mentioned drugs are not? There are many drugs that act as analogs of Fluconazole, Lamizila, with high efficiency, but less well known. The most popular drugs group:

  • Itraconazole. Drug used against Candida, mold forms of fungi, many others. It possesses high efficiency, which manifests itself in a short course of use of the drug.
  • Terbinafine. Effective against moulds. At the eighth week of treatment with the use of Terbinafine, the active substance of the drug begin to act on pathogens at the level of the nail bed. Complete cure is observed after 1 year of active use.
  • Ketoconazole. Cheap antifungal drug that penetrates the layers of the nail at the 12-week course adoption. Because many of the side effects is recommended to replace other drugs.
  • Griseofulvin. The drug, used against the dermatophytes, in treatment of onychomycosis caused by other fungi species, is almost never used.
  • All products are part of a comprehensive treatment that includes means for external application. The combination therapy helps to achieve cure in a short time, has a high efficiency.

    Means of local action

    Means of local action, due to the external method of application to the affected nail plate, allow the drug to start the action promptly. The most common and effective means of local action:

  • Drug zistan. Available in the form of drops (used 1 times a day), cream (2 times a day). Drug zistan can be combined with 40% ointment urea, which has a softening effect on the nail plate, allows the active substances Acteria quickly penetrate into the deeper layers of the nail. In mild forms of onychomycosis treatment takes 2-4 weeks + 10 days of prophylactic use. In severe forms treatment can last 6-8 months.
  • Nizoral. The cream is applied 1-2 times a day, in a thick layer. It is recommended to use Nizoral for the night. The duration of treatment of onychomycosis on the hands is up to 9 months, legs.
  • Clotrimazole. When using the cream is applied 2-3 times a day, solution 2-3 times a day rubbed into the nail plate, the skin around the plate. The spray is also being used 2-3 times a day, after use you must ensure that the spray covered the entire affected area.
  • Lamisil. Using gel, cream, ointment, oil is applied on the affected nail 1 time per day. The drug is highly effective, action in the short term (1-6 months). Lamisil refers to expensive antimycotic drugs.
  • Mikospor. It can be applied on the affected nail without contact with healthy skin around the plate. Ointment is used 1 times a day, for 1 month.
  • Before applying ointments, creams, gels, nail rinse, dry. After using on top of nail is getting better patch, which ensures the free penetration of active substances of the medication into the layers of the nail, protects against contact with the environment.

    The products for external use do not apply when hypersensitivity to drug, its components. Usually do not have side special tools, pregnancy, lactation used under the supervision of a physician (if used during lactation, feeding baby breast should cease at the time of therapy).

    Before you can treat onychomycosis, you should consult with your physician. It is not excluded that in severe forms of the mycosis of nails will have to resort to surgery to remove the affected nail.

    As you can see, methods for the treatment of mycosis nogata many necessary for human drug may choose the doctor. It is best to avoid contact with the fungal infection, practice good personal hygiene to mycosis didn’t bother for a long time.

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