Fungal infection of the skin — symptoms of fungal diseases and treatment

Classification of skin fungal infections: symptoms and treatment

On the skin of a healthy person there is a conditionally-pathogenic microflora in the form of bacteria and fungi, is the norm. However, under the influence of some negative factors, microorganisms aktiviziruyutsya, whereby a person becomes ill. Mycosis is a fungal disease that affects the skin and subcutaneous tissue. All fungal skin infections called Tinea (fungal diseases of the skin and ringworm), indicating localization. For example, athlete’s foot, mycosis of the scalp, etc, mycoses and what it is, what clinical symptoms indicate the development of the disease.

  • Classification of mycoses
  • Etiology and symptoms of mycosis
  • Diagnosis and treatment
  • Therapy of ringworm
  • Treatment of keratomycosis and candidiasis
  • Treatment of fungal infections depending on the localization

Classification of mycoses

A mycosis is an extensive group of pathological States which are caused by parasitic fungi. Diseases are classified according to the location and the extent of damage to the skin. Conventionally, the disease is divided into deep and superficial mycoses.

Classification of fungal infections:

  • Keratomycosis. From this group of pathological conditions in most of the paintings are diagnosed pityriasis versicolor. He is accompanied by the appearance of spots on the body, as the worsening clinic spot peel, increase.
  • Ringworm combine several diseases. Talk about them in situations where on the human body appear red spots, there is inflammation of the skin, pathological elements peel.
  • Candidiasis provoked by fungi of the genus Candida. Distinguish the athlete’s body or certain parts of the skin. Is never lose the scalp of the person. Most often, the infection «settles» in the folds of the skin.
  • Cryptococcosis, hromomikoz etc. These diseases are accompanied by infection of the deeper layers of the skin, owing to what are the most difficult and dangerous, but are rare.
  • Note, the risk group also includes children of primary school age, the elderly, those who by occupation often receive minor injuries (scratches, wounds).

    Etiology and symptoms of mycosis

    The primary cause of disease – fungi in smooth leather. The risk of pathology is that all patients suffer in different ways. Some symptoms a few days after infection, other abnormal process is hidden. The third – the disease does not manifest, thus they actively infect the people around them.

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    The mechanism of infection due to physiological characteristics and other factors. If a person has an immune deficiency, chronic diseases in anamnesis, he takes antibiotics, the risk of disease is very high.

    Ways of infection with a fungus:

  • Close contact with a sick person;
  • Contact of children with stray cats and dogs;
  • Visiting public places (sauna, steam bath);
  • Wearing or trying on another’s shoes;
  • The lack of disinfection of tools for manicure and pedicure.
  • Of course, contamination by contact with pathogenic microorganisms is not always observed, but only in those scenes when the patient has a reduced immune status or there are problems with the functioning of the body.

    By precipitating factors include:

    • Hormonal imbalance;
    • Infectious diseases of the oral cavity (caries);
    • Prolonged use of corticosteroids;
    • An unbalanced diet;
    • Chronic stress;
    • Endocrine disorders (diabetes mellitus);
    • Excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages, etc.

    Causes of fungal infections of the skin are manifold, install them yourself, it is impossible. For successful treatment it is required to determine etiology, it is necessary to exclude provoking factors.

    The symptoms and treatment of fungal infections of the skin are interrelated. Because the signs help to narrow down the alleged disease, in addition, the therapy is supplemented by symptomatic drugs. Clinical manifestations are due to a species of fungus, the place of localization.

    Worth knowing: mycoses affect any part of the body – hands, feet, belly, armpits, scalp, genital area.

    Fungal infection of skin manifests the symptoms:

  • Appear on the skin spots that have a yellow or pink color. Eventually begin to peel off;
  • Itching and burning of the pathological elements;
  • Rash, swelling;
  • Exfoliation of the epidermis;
  • The appearance of blisters.
  • If you start treatment at the stage of itching and peeling, the disease responds well to therapy, almost never leads to the development of complications. Enough use of antifungal drugs local action.

    Prolonged course of the disease and the lack of adequate treatment leads to complications – the appearance of a white plaque on the mucous membranes in the mouth and genitals. Patients complain about metallic taste in your mouth. Often in the background of mycosis of the skin develop sinusitis, pharyngitis and otitis sluggish nature.

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    Diagnosis and treatment

    The success of the treatment largely depends on timely treatment in medical institution. If the epidermis peels off, the skin appeared red spots that flake and itch is a fungal infection. To cope with the problem will help the dermatologist.

    Fungus treatment starts soon after diagnosis. The doctor conducts a visual examination of the patient, listens to complaints. After you give the direction to the surrender of General blood analysis; be sure to do a scraping of the affected area. Also carried out content analysis of ulcers.

    Treatment of mycosis of the skin caused by a specific disease. Depending on this recommended therapy consisting of drugs for oral administration and drugs for external use.

    Therapy of ringworm

    When ringworm treatment consists of various drugs, targeting not only the destruction of the fungus, but also for relief from anxiety symptoms. Conservative therapy involves the use of drugs:

    • To resolve itching and burning prescribed pills antihistamine properties – Suprastin, Tavegil, loratidine;
    • To enhance the immune status apply vitamin C and b;
    • To reduce the inflammatory process, it is recommended to use tar or sulphur ointment.
    • To reduce intoxication apply calcium chloride;
    • Every day you must make compresses with solutions fungicidal properties – Salapungan;
    • For the normalization of the Central nervous system using tinctures of Valerian, the Persians.

    Important: during therapy it is recommended that a health food. From the menu exclude alcoholic beverages, sweet products, savoury, spicy, smoked and salted meals. The diet includes foods abundant in protein, vitamins.

    Treatment of keratomycosis and candidiasis

    Fungal infection skin systemic nature needs to be treated comprehensively. The doctor prescribes drugs local application which possess antimycotic property – Mycosoral, Nizoral, Kenison.

    In the scheme of treatment included solution of hyposulphite of sodium, after using hydrochloric acid 6%. The therapy lasts for 30 days. These drugs can be used during pregnancy.

    Fungal infection of the skin requires the application of tablets:

  • Lamisil;
  • Fluconazole;
  • Intrakonazol.
  • Tablets are for 14-20 days. The dosage is determined depending on lesion size and disease-specific. You can’t take yourself, the drugs have contraindications that can lead to systemic adverse reactions.

    When the advanced form of the fungus, the question of how to treat, the doctor recommends Terbinafine. A means aggressive, is assigned according to strict medical indications. The rate of application is 14 days.

    Tip: during treatment it is recommended to pay special attention to hygiene on the background of excessive sweating. You need every day to shower, use talc powder with zinc to reduce sweating.

    Mycosis of the skin, triggered by yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida, has its own characteristics therapy. Assigned tablets for oral administration – Levorin, Nystatin. They can not be combined with antibiotics. The skin several times a day is processed gels and creams that possess antifungal activity. Most often recommended Zalain, Candide.

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    Treatment of fungal infections depending on the localization

    Therapy of fungus on the scalp involves the removal of hair from the affected area. Medical experts recommend the following:

    • Medication Griseofulvin for two weeks;
    • Every day to lubricate the crust of salicylic ointment, after treated with Furatsilina;
    • In severe form of the disease requires mechanical means to remove scabs. To do this, pour the petrolatum, lactic, and salicylic acid. The procedure is performed within five days;
    • Daily rubbed into the affected area antifungal creams Nizoral, Batrafen.

    If the clinical picture was complicated by the accession of secondary infection, antibiotics are appointed. Their reception is carried out within 7-10 days. Most often recommended Triderm.

    For athlete’s foot prescribe an antifungal lacquer (Amorolfine), antifungal ointment (Clotrimazole), antihistamine tablets (Suprastinum). Obligatory disinfection of boots, shoes, bedding, hygiene items.

    Without proper treatment, a fungal infection progresses rapidly, resulting in all affected areas of the body. You can’t ignore the warning signs, because it is fraught with various complications, long-term therapy and unfavorable prognosis.

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