Fungal dermatitis in children and its treatment: causes and symptoms
Causes fungal dermatitis in children: symptoms and treatment
One of the infectious diseases of the skin, which is chronic, is called fungal dermatitis. This inflammatory process, characterized by frequent relapses, it affects the skin and hairy areas of the head. Fungal dermatitis in children may be complicated by an allergic reaction that can significantly complicate the diagnosis of this disease. About the symptoms and treatment of this disease will be discussed in the article.
- Features of the disease
- Peculiarities of children
Features of the disease
On the skin of a healthy person is constantly inhabited by many microorganisms, including fungi. If under the influence of favorable factors, the fungi begin to actively proliferate, there may appear a fungal dermatitis. This disease can be acute or chronic with periods of remission and exacerbation.
Fungal dermatitis is divided into several subspecies, which differ in the depth of penetration of the fungal infection and the nature of the inflammatory lesions. So, there are following forms of the disease:
- ceratonykus is a fungal infection of the superficial layers of the epidermis;
- candidiasis – a disease in which the fungal infection affects the mucous membranes;
- ringworm – this disease infected the deeper layer of the epidermis;
- deep fungal infection, characterized by lesions of microorganisms of the subcutaneous tissue.
Photo sometimes difficult to distinguish one species from another, often diagnosed as mixed forms of the disease. For example, a combination of fungal infection and candidiasis or three or more forms of the disease.
Fungal dermatitis on the skin of a child or adult develops from the excessive activity and enhanced reproduction of fungal infection. Usually affected the upper layer of the skin. Among the factors that can contribute to the onset of illness include the following:
Primary infection of kids with fungus can occur by direct contact with a source of fungal infection through clothing, hygiene products, toys. Most often, the infection occurs through the mucous membranes.
The main manifestation of the fungus on the skin – a characteristic rash, called Mikey. While the rash may be of two types:
- pustules are the primary lesions and appear early in the disease;
- crust formed subsequently at the site of the pustules.
In the treatment of fungal dermatitis must not forget that in addition to external manifestations of the disease, the patient has changes of endogenous nature:
- there are failures in the endocrine system;
- weakened protective forces of the human body;
- can join in an allergic reaction;
- there is high humidity of the skin.
The process of the appearance of dermatitis and fungal nature is accompanied by the following symptoms:
Important! Because the fungus is considered to be quite contagious, the patient in the acute stage is the source of contamination. The chronic course of the disease the patient may present the symptoms of hair and nail plates.
If treatment is not carried out or was not effective enough, develops a secondary infection, when the background fungal dermatitis develops microbial eczema, herpes, or pyoderma. More severe forms of the disease often is diagnosed in the presence of the following comorbidities:
- bronchial asthma;
- diabetes mellitus;
- vascular disease;
- diseases of musculoskeletal system;
The diagnosis is made by doctor on the basis of visual inspection of the affected skin, and after the examination of scrapings from the affected with a fungus of the epidermis. The perfect diagnostic method is a fluorescent lamp.
Peculiarities of children
Due to immaturity of the immune and digestive system in infancy often present nappy rash and bacterial overgrowth that contribute to the spread of fungal infection. This files most often diagnosed candidiasis on the skin and mucous membranes of the oral cavity.
Also in children are sometimes faced with perianal fungal dermatitis. It develops due to the fact that fungal infection of the skin and mucous enters the intestine. This form of dermatitis often manifests itself as redness and weeping rashes in the anal area.
From the point of initial infection to the first manifestations of the symptoms of the disease usually takes place not more than seven days. In very rare cases this period may extend over several weeks.
Treatment of this form of dermatitis is usually long and takes 25 to 35 days. The basis of therapy are drugs for systemic effects, and antifungal drugs for local use. To treat it is necessary from a dermatologist, who in addition to a variety of means for local application, assigns the histamine antagonists.
Because inflammation of the skin and intense itching can cause sleep problems and emotional tension, the doctor prescribes medicines with a sedative action, plant-based, for example, Novo-Passit, Dormiplant, Valerian, tincture of motherwort, etc.
Sure treatment using immunomodulators and vitamins E, b and C, which strengthen the protective forces of the human body. In the treatment of severe forms of the disease prescribed hormones.
Important! To accelerate the regeneration of skin and prevent secondary infection, the doctor prescribes medicine Skin cap, which has anti-inflammatory, wound-healing and antibacterial effects. It comes in the form of creams for dry skin and aerosols for the skin with weeping eruptions.
In the complex therapy of fungal dermatitis the following drugs:
- Within a couple of weeks be sure to take antifungal medication, such as lamisil or Nizoral.
- The affected skin is definitely handled by hyposulphite of sodium (60% solution).
- Locally assigned the following creams or MAZ: Kenison, Mycosoral consumed for three weeks until complete healing of the skin.
- The patient needs to adhere to the diet. From the diet should avoid eating sweets, canned and just salty. Shown taking vitamin and protein rich food.
- To eliminate itching patients prescribed antihistamine such as Zyrtec.
To Supplement medical therapy you can use traditional medicine. Here are some of them:
- The affected skin several times a day to treat a decoction of oak bark.
- It also helps with fungal dermatitis ointment from honey and aloe. To prepare it, you need in equal proportions to mix the honey and aloe juice. The mixture should infuse for a week, after which it can be applied on the affected skin.
- For internal use suitable tincture of dandelion. To prepare a tablespoon of minced raw pour boiling water (500 ml). The infusion should stand for several days in a dark place. Now you can take 75 grams three times per day.
As prevention is shown taking a bath with medicinal plants. They not only improve the condition of the skin, but also have a restorative effect on the body.