Feet fungus: signs and symptoms — how to treat

Types and symptoms of foot fungus: treatments

Mycotic lesions of foot starts from the areas between the toes. Subsequently, the infection may spread to the feet and the nail plate. The disease is provoked by dermatophyte, mould fungi or yeast fungi. According to statistics in our country about 20% of people that have the fungus on the feet. The severity of the disease depends on the kind of infection, but in any case, the disease needs to be cured, because the flaking, severe itching, inflammation and unpleasant foot odor deliver strong discomfort. We’ll show you how to get rid of fungus on my feet.

  • Symptoms of foot fungus
  • Types of foot fungus
  • Treatment of foot fungus
  • Prevention of fungus on feet

Symptoms of foot fungus

First, we understand that this fungus. It is conditionally pathogenic microorganism, which in a small number of can live even on the skin of healthy people, but under favorable conditions it begins to proliferate actively. Signs of fungus of the feet are directly linked to the kind of infection and the degree of involvement of the skin and Horny plates. So, with the defeat of the feet fungi, called Trichophyton red, the presence of the following signs of illness:

  • The first symptoms of foot fungus is usually noticed between the toes. At first, the infection affects the most dense folds – between the 3rd and 4th fingers. Then the disease moves to the soles, the back and side of the foot. In addition, the fungi can spread to the nails and hands;
  • Further signs of fungus supplemented with dryness and thickening of the skin. Fungus foot skin contributes to the formation of her distinctive furrows. When the disease progresses, there is a seal of the Horny layer on the feet corns, cracks, join pain;
  • Fungus on the skin of the feet is manifested a characteristic lamellar or mukovidnoe peeling of the skin;
  • Many patients concerned about severe itching;
  • Symptoms of foot fungus can be mild with the erased form of the disease, which occurs in exudative lesions of options. In this case the soles on the feet can cover minor rash, sometimes bubbles appear. In this form of surface peeling and cracks between the toes, and itching, are virtually absent. Patients often do not pay attention to minor symptoms and therefore not seek treatment;
  • Another symptom of the disease is leukonychia, that is, the formation of spots and white bands on the nail plate;
  • With the progression of the disease occurs multiple lesions squamous formations.
  • Interesting fact! Red Trichophyton practically not affects children. This is due to the high speed regeneration of nails and skin at this age.

    The first signs of fungus on the feet with the defeat of Trichophyton interdigitale the following:

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  • Such forms of athlete’s foot are located between the 3rd and 4th fingers on the side of foot her soles and toes.
  • In contrast to the above fungal diseases, this kind of mushrooms causing pronounced inflammation. The process is never hidden.
  • Peeling skin is accompanied by exudative processes.
  • Often lose legs is complemented by allergic reactions with rashes on the lower legs, face, torso. Photos of such lesions can often be found online.
  • The nails are rarely affected. Often this is an isolated infection with the pathology of the nail plate only on the 1st and 5th fingers.
  • If you have fungus of the feet, the symptoms of the infection by microorganisms of the genus Candida are the following:

    • The first manifestation of infection is swelling and redness of the skin;
    • The centers of affected areas of the skin usually surrounded by a rim in the form of exfoliated epidermis;
    • On the periphery from the place of injury can be detected by small bubbles with serous fluid, and small pustules.

    Types of foot fungus

    Signs of fungus on the feet can vary depending on the type of disease:

  • For the erased form is characterized by slight peeling in the folds between the toes. The cracks are small and shallow, so do not cause discomfort to the patient.
  • Squamous form is characterized by the peeling of the lateral portions of the feet and interdigital spaces. In this form of skin fungus on feet causes inflammation. Rarely a slight redness and itching. Sole skin like lacquer, due to the thickening of the stratum corneum. Skin pattern is reinforced, in the folds and possible peeling. Discomfort the patient feels.
  • When gipertroficescoy varieties on the feet, you notice a bluish plaque and flat, dry papules. In the Central part of the rash has scaly layers. Around them the rims of exfoliated epithelium. There are also small bubbles. Lesions may coalesce into large pockets and hit the entire sole. These types of foot fungus are similar to the symptoms of psoriasis. Discomfort delivers mild itching, dry skin and soreness of the feet.
  • Intertriginous form is accompanied by a rash between the toes. The skin is edematous, hyperemic and has moisture. For this form is characterized by development of deep and painful erosions. Patients bothers severe itching, burning and soreness.
  • Disgidroticheskaya form is characterized by appearance of numerous bubbles with a thickening at the top. The place of their localization – the arch of the foot. May also be affected interdigital folds and soles. After opening the bubbles formed moist reddish-pink of erosion. With the development of the disease swelling and redness is increasing. These types of fungi are very similar to eczema.
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    Treatment of foot fungus

    Treatment of foot fungus at the initial stage is carried out with the use of drugs local action. There are about 20 drug forms of these funds. These include ointments, gels, varnishes, sprays, powders, solutions, foams and creams.

    These drugs have broad effect, therefore, cope with different kinds of mushrooms and decrease the likelihood of relapse. In addition, local treatment for fungus do not have toxic effects on the body.

    Fungus treatment skin on the feet is carried out using one of the following drugs:

    • Griseofulvin blocks the multiplication of microorganisms. The medication comes in the form of ointment, suspension and tablets. To clean the fungus affected areas are treated each day for 14 days.
    • Many experts in the selection, than to cure foot fungus, the preference for the drug Terbinafine with proven high efficiency. It has a broad spectrum effect. The sale is in the form of tablets, cream, spray, solution. The duration of therapy may be up to 45 days.
    • Sertaconazole can be purchased as a cream, suppository, and solution. This drug has virtually no contraindications and side effects, so it can be used all those who do not know what to do with fungal infection. Method of application and doses can be found in the accompanying instructions.
    • Econazole has fungicidal and bactericidal action. If you have fungus of the feet, this treatment is carried out when dermatophytes, yeast, and mold fungi. The drug is effective in resistant to other drugs in fungal infections and is available in the form of lotion, cream, aerosol and solution.
    • If the treatment of fungus on the feet is needed in pregnancy, lactation or in children, you can use a cream or suspension of Natamycin, as this medication has no contraindications. The duration of therapy is 1 month.
    • To cure a foot fungus, use of the drug Clotrimazole. It comes in the form of lotion, ointment, cream and spray. The course of treatment – a month. Contraindicated in the first trimester of pregnancy.
    • Answering the question of how to get rid of foot fungus, it is worth mentioning the drug or drug zistan Naftifine Hydrochloride. In addition to broad spectrum antimycotic activity, the drug has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial action. The duration of treatment with ointment and solution can be up to two months.

    It happens that the disease had reached the stage where some local media not to cure the patient. In this case, the doctor prescribes antifungal agents for systemic effects to use inside. Such drugs include:

    • Fluconazole is sold in the form of capsules, syrup, tablets and solutions for injection. The duration of treatment in complex cases can reach up to 1.5 months. Make the drug should times a week or 150 mg once a day in the amount of 50 mg.
    • Itraconazole capsules and solution for internal use. This drug may be the answer to the question of how to treat foot fungus fast, the duration of treatment is two weeks.
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    If we talk about how to cure fungus on his feet in total defeat of the feet and nail plates, here shown combination therapy consisting of the use of antifungals for systemic effects, antifungal drugs for topical application and medical apparatus pedicure.

    Prevention of fungus on feet

    Now that you understand how to cure fungus on the feet, it’s time to talk about prevention of this disease, so you don’t have to long and hard to get rid of this disease.

    Among preventive measures include the following:

  • With a decrease metabolism, deterioration in intensity of blood circulation and the weakening of the immune system creates suitable conditions for infection by fungi. It is therefore recommended to compensate for diabetes, atherosclerosis, varicose veins, arthrosis, arthritis, flat feet, immunodeficiency, sweating and obesity. All of these diseases are considered to be indirect causes of fungal infections of the feet.
  • Do not wear tight uncomfortable shoes. The same goes for low-quality products from leather. Shoes should be breathable, absorbent and comfortable. Once a month is recommended its prophylactic antifungal treatment with a special spray or aerosol.
  • Avoid walking barefoot in public areas. Spend the disinfectant treatment EN Suite, shower, flooring and toilet.
  • Use only your own pedicure utensils, towels, socks and shoes.
  • Regularly drink vitamins. Often walk in the fresh air. Exercise.
  • Not get your shoes in footwear if your feet are wet.
  • If one of the family members is a fungus, it needs to be cured, because it can be a source of infection to other household members. Once a month spend and pedicure to remove rough or dead skin that is a favorite habitat of fungi.

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