Epinephrine — the drug in tablets and description
The drug epinephrine Allergy: instructions for use
Allergy is a very insidious disease, it can manifest in the form of a harmless eruption on the skin, redness of eyes and watery eyes, but sometimes it can cause loss of consciousness, dyspnea or laryngeal edema. To eliminate light symptoms of allergies, doctors prescribe antihistamine medicines for topical and oral administration, but if there is a question about saving a patient’s life and return to feeling, prescribed the use of Adrenaline.
- Pharmacological effect and release form
- Instructions for use and composition
- Side effects
- Method of application and doses
- Analogues of the drug
Pharmacological effect and release form
The drug Adrenaline has a bronchodilator, hyperglycemic, hypertensive, antihistamine and vasoconstrictor action, its mass use in medicine, but most often it is prescribed in the struggle with pronounced allergic reactions. Medication referred to natural hormones, he is able to relax the smooth muscle of the bronchi, with attacks of suffocation and spasms, reduces intraocular pressure, prevents the development of edema of the mucous membranes, inhibits the release of histamine, as well as constricts blood vessels and reduces the rate of absorption of toxic substances that could provoke an allergic reaction.
The maximum level of blood concentration of funds is noted after 2 minutes after administration of adrenaline. That is why, it is used if the account goes for minutes, and a person says oxygen starvation of the brain or heart muscle.
Pharmaceutical companies do not produce Adrenaline pills, and only solutions for infusions and injections. The remedy proposed in the form of vials made of transparent glass. The drug is released only by prescription, as it is not controlled its use leads to death and disability.
Instructions for use and composition
The main active ingredient of the drug is the adrenaline epinephrine. As a Supplement are sodium metabisulphite, sodium chloride and water for injections. The medical effect of the medicine may be weakened when used together with the medicines of narcotic group. Possible development of arrhythmias in complex use of Epinephrine with cardiac glycosides. In a joint treatment with Adrenaline and MAO inhibitors increase blood pressure. With the introduction of Adrenaline in the background of the thyroid, observed a significant increase in activity of both drugs. Possible symptoms of overdose with minimum standards of administration of each of the drugs.
To appoint for the therapy solution for injection can only be a qualified doctor after a thorough analysis of your condition. The product can be used in children and in adults in the presence of:
- cardiac arrest provoked by the action of the allergen;
- allergic edema of the larynx;
- anaphylactic shock;
- acute seasonal allergies.
According to the instructions for Adrenaline can not be used to treat people with high sensitivity, cardiomyopathy, glaucoma, hypertension, and coronary artery disease. Not prescribed medication for the relief of asthma attacks and treatment of laryngeal edema, women in pregnancy and during breast feeding in. Adrenaline enters into the composition of milk and changes its qualitative and quantitative characteristics.
If you used Adrenaline contraindications, which were ignored, it is likely you will have to report side effects, even at the lowest dose. Evidence of side effects from the medication, are these symptoms:
- nausea and vomiting;
- painful urination;
- impaired memory;
- unjustified aggression;
- tremor and spasms in the extremities;
- increase in blood pressure;
- cold in the extremities.
When using a large dose of funds, possible necrosis of the liver, kidney and cardiac muscle. If necessary, stop the treatment of allergic reactions, Adrenaline is required to reduce the dose gradually. Immediate cessation of therapy is fraught with side effects and severe hypotension.
The likelihood of side reactions is very high, that is why you should not try to treatment with Adrenaline alone. In order to benefit from medication, you should have an accurate knowledge of the dosage and a number of medical skills.
Method of application and doses
Description for the drug contains clear guidance on the use of adults in anaphylactic shock appoint 0.2–0.75 ml, and children — 0.1–0.5 ml. When asthma attack prescribed conduct means — adult 0.3–0.7 ml, children dosage adjusted according to weight. During cardiac arrest triggered by an allergic reaction or medication against allergic reactions, is shown conducting intracardiac drug 1 ml.
It is very important not to introduce intra-arterial Adrenaline, because all dosage forms of the drug cause a marked vasoconstriction, and may lead to the development of gangrene.
Analogues of the drug
List of drugs used as analogues of Epinephrine, and includes Dobutamine, Dopamine, Adrenal, Asomilin, Cardirect and Mezaton. To buy these medicines only if prescribed by a doctor. Before use, it is important to carefully read the liner manual and report possible contraindications doctor.
Anaphylactic shock is a very serious condition that threatens the patient’s life, out man, im doing Adrenaline. Contraindications for use of the drug is not taken into account, if you enter it for health reasons. With the development of dyspnea and laryngeal edema, administration of Epinephrine resuscitation event. Allergy sufferers have to have in the home medicine Cabinet prepared Epinephrine along with a syringe. Combining and antihistamines and anti-shock effect, Adrenaline is the most powerful drug in life-threatening situations.
Injected the adrenaline into the muscles of the heart myself to do a shot, in any case, it is impossible. Inject the medication very slowly 0.3 ml continuously measuring blood pressure. If there is a deterioration of the situation, the introduction of a drug stop, and wait for the arrival of the ambulance.