Dystrophy of the nail and nail plate of the big toe
Causes of nail dystrophy and therapies
You can’t have lovely hands if you are having problems with the nails. Dystrophy of the nail – not an extraordinary phenomenon, appears pathological process accompanied by modification of the shape and structure of the nail plate or the periungual rollers. Pathology negribkovoy, detected at an average of 5% of the population. Medicine produces a lot of reasons. These include infectious diseases, disturbance of the gastrointestinal tract, dysfunction of the circulatory system, etc.
- Causes of nail dystrophy
- Types of nail dystrophy and symptoms
- Middle with channel type form
- Apoloniya and onycholysis
- Angorensis and onycholysis
- Furrows Bo-Ralia and trainingone
- Other types of dystrophy
- Ways to treat dystrophy of the nail plate
- Folk remedies
Causes of nail dystrophy
Dystrophy of the nail plate in adults is most often diagnosed in residents of large cities. White spots on nails, increased fragility and brittleness, delamination is the first signs of the disease, which is characterized by a large number of causes, has different varieties. The problem is observed both on the hands and lower extremities.
The etiology is due to the following factors and circumstances:
- Poor environmental conditions, reflected in excessive contamination of the air space, low quality of drinking water, etc.;
- A deficiency of vitamins and minerals due to improper diet;
- Injury to the fingers of the upper and lower extremities;
- Skin diseases – psoriasis, eczema;
- Pathology of fungal nature, which affects horn tissue of the nail plate;
- The decline in immune status, developing on the background of constant stress, nervous tension, depression, neurosis, lack of sleep and rest;
- Dysfunction of the cardiovascular system leads to disorders of blood circulation, which in turn leads to the depletion of the nail plate;
- Failures in the endocrine system.
Note: onihodistrofiya can be congenital or acquired. If the disease was passed on a genetic level, therapy rarely leads to a positive result.
At risk girls who often do manicure. Acetone is a component of nail Polish, xylene and other chemical components used in the process of nail care, negatively affect the structural the structure thereof.
Causes dystrophic changes of the nails of the child are no different from adults. It also lead to chronic diseases, injuries, psoriasis etc. skin diseases.
Types of nail dystrophy and symptoms
This pathological process is presented in various forms, which are characterized by their clinical manifestations, the nature of the flow, respectively, treatment of dystrophy of the nail will also vary.
Middle with channel type form
Usually there is a loss of fingernails. First, they revealed a small groove located along. From the grooves go in different directions the smallest cracks. In the course of change over time, the nail person becomes wavy. In most cases, the etiology is due to mechanical trauma. For example, biting nails.
To cure the degeneration of this form can medical drugs, provided that it is possible to remove the source of the negative impact. Therefore, the fingers are always bandaged condition.
Apoloniya and onycholysis
Apolonija has the following symptoms: the nail becomes thin, fragile and brittle. If you ignore the first symptoms and the absence of treatment, the disease begins to progress rapidly, due to which the nail plate is loosened. The disease is true, which develops due to violations of the function of internal organs and acquired, when they are effects on the nails of the feet or hands.
Note, apolonija can be the consequence of low-quality nail Polish, or wear long nails.
Onycholysis (detachment of the nail plate) is accompanied by the discharge of a nail from its bed, leading to the formation of empty space between the soft tissue by the nail. This changes the color of the plates, they become gray or yellow. The clinical picture is accompanied by an unpleasant odor.
Angorensis and onycholysis
Angorensis is accompanied by a distinctive clinical manifestation – a longitudinal splitting of the nail plate. Crack may be one, but it happens a lot. In the early stages of the pathology they are practically invisible, are determined solely by the feeling. Over time, becoming deeper, visible to the naked eye.
Splitting of the nail in most cases are diagnosed in individuals older age groups, due to the prolonged course of chronic diseases – diabetes 1 and type 2, psoriasis, systemic atherosclerotic changes in the body.
When oniholizis the nail is not only split, but starts to flake off. Cracks cross type. Changes the color and become gray or white.
Furrows Bo-Ralia and trainingone
Furrows Bo-Ralia resemble in appearance thick grooves having an arc shape, which affects the entire nail plate and between the side bolsters of the nail. The average depth of such grooves varies from 0.5 to 1 mm. a Characteristic feature – the color of the nail plate is not changed. If there are several grooves at the same time, the nail becomes a «wave».
If there is no cure for degeneration of the nails, then after a while the groove becomes deeper, the nail is divided into two parts. Even after some time distant half completely separated.
Trainingin nails become dull, lose its natural Shine, become rough. Observed the detection of numerous hollows. Nail plate tends to flake.
Worth knowing: trainingone often occurs as a related problem with eczema.
Other types of dystrophy
Náprstek form is accompanied by the appearance of tiny depressions. The name of this type is not given just like that, the nail plate looks like a thimble. Not independent disease, usually occurs due to seborrhea or alopecia areata.
Dyschromia change color, does not exclude the development of small spots, they come in different shades of gray, white, black. The reason is the injury. If color is yellow or brown, the etiology is based on the chemical substances.
Onychomycosis, or fungal infection. There are several varieties:
Nail dystrophic changes accompanied by the appearance of white stripes peeling, the surface becomes wavy and rough.
Ways to treat dystrophy of the nail plate
So, how to treat degenerative changes? In medical practice used drugs of different groups. Often used the drug with a slight sedative effect and drugs that affects the sympathetic nervous system. Only this system sends impulses to the sweat glands.
Sweating plays a dominant role in thermoregulation of the human body. If the person is sweating heavily, there is local swelling of the skin, such as near the finger area. This may cause dystrophy of the nails. Nail treatment is performed under medical supervision. All medicines have not only the testimony, but also contraindications that could lead to the development of adverse reactions.
In principle, the clinical manifestations and subsequent treatment are interrelated. Therefore the scheme is always different. Appointed the following drugs:
- Vitamin and mineral supplements help to fill the shortage of useful components in the body;
- If the reason is injury, then recommend the drugs that contribute to enhanced tissue regeneration, reducing negative effects of injuries;
- For infectious processes prescribe medications anti-inflammatory and antifungal action;
- When the etiology is due to the depletion of the body, prescribed sedatives tincture of Valerian, Motherwort. In severe cases, requires the use of antidepressants;
- In case of violation of the endocrine system, the treatment plan is developed individually tailored to the specific pathology.
Important: the universal scheme of therapy does not exist, all funds are selected based on specific clinical case.
Dystrophy of the nails on the feet and hands can be treated by traditional methods. However, they are used only as auxiliary method complementing conservative therapy. Folk remedies help in the shortest time to restore damaged nail plate, normalize the power of the periungual tissues.
Effective treatment options:
Dystrophic changes of the nails – this is a disease that not only disrupts the form and structure thereof, but also spoils the appearance. The former condition helps to return only the complex of therapeutic measures.
As prophylaxis it is recommended to eat right to the body received a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals; to observe the elementary rules of hygiene; regular care of the nails; delete manicures in salons where not met sanitary standards.