Dixon — instructions for use of injections for allergies
Injections, Dixon from allergies: instructions for use
One of the most common pharmaceutical drugs prescribed to treat the symptoms of allergies, is Dexon, instructions for use which comes. This tool is referred to the drugs from the group of glucocorticosteroids. To these drugs, people are wary, though therapeutic effect, they have a fast enough. The thing that corticosteroids are hormones that are allocated directly to the human body. Their action spans several organ systems, respectively, are frequently observed side effects of therapy.
- Pharmacological effect and release form
- Instructions for use and composition
- Side effects
- Method of application and doses
- Analogues of the drug
Pharmacological effect and release form
Dixon, has a pronounced anti-inflammatory and antiallergic effect. It inhibits the release of histamine from mast cells, and also acts on the inflammation, reducing it’s intensity. Not seldom, it eliminates some of the symptoms of an allergic reaction such as itching, burning, swelling, tearing and spasms of the Airways in bronchial asthma. Due to the presence of the drug neomycin, Dexon and has antibacterial action. It eliminates pathogenic microorganisms of different strains, in the shortest possible time.
The drug is available in the form of injections, tablets and eye drops. Dixon tablet contains 0.5 mg of active substance, release the drug in a contour basacally packs of 10 pieces in blister. The injectable form of the drug Dexon contains 4 mg of active substance per 1 ml, is available in glass ampoules of 2 ml. One carton usually contains 6 vials.
Instructions for use and composition
The positive effect of Dexon on the body due to its composition, the main components of which are dexamethasone and neomycin. As a Supplement eye drops contain:
- sodium phosphate dihydrate Doonbeg;
- disodium edetate;
- benzalkonium chloride;
- sodium chloride;
- sodium metabisulfite propylene glycol;
- sodium dihydrogen phosphate;
- water for injections.
Liquid for injections 1 ml contains dexamethasone 0.1%, 0.5% neomycin sulphate, and as a Supplement of 0.02% benzalkonium chloride. Pills, in addition to active ingredients, are complemented by: lactose monohydrate, cellulose mikrochristallicescuu, silicon dioxide, sodium croscarmellose and magnesium stearate.
When properly selected dose components of the drug are well absorbed by the body. The drug is used as a basic therapeutic tool. When used in complex treatment, there may be drug interactions with drugs of other groups.
It is not necessary to use Dexon with Streptomycin and Monomitsin, due to the strengthening of toxic action of these drugs on the human body. Dixon reacts with drugs containing ethyl alcohol and alcoholic beverages. In case of their simultaneous use, there may be strong side effects and General toxicity of the body.
Instructions for use recommends the use of medication for the therapy of seasonal allergic reactions, be accompanied by rhinitis and rash. Not infrequently, the drug is prescribed for the relief of asthmatic spasms and angioedema. Drops Dexon intended for the treatment of direct reactions that manifest on the part of organs of vision and hearing. Due to the fact that Dixon in its composition contains anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic substance is dexamethasone and the antibiotic from the group of aminoglycosides — neomycin, it may be given for the treatment of bacterial infections of eyes, ears and skin.
In addition to the indications for therapy, has Dixon and a number of contraindications, which include:
- viral disease;
- fungal infections;
- increased sensitivity of the organism to components of the medication;
- the age of 12;
- the impaired renal function and liver;
Allergic reaction with Dexon in pregnant women is treated only in the third trimester, provided that the benefits of therapy will be much higher than the possible harm to the fetus. During treatment of eye infections during lactation, feeding should be stopped. The active ingredients of drugs reduce the quality of milk, and can affect the mental development of the child.
The drug has a number of side effects, which are manifested in most cases, personal intolerance of the tool components or improperly selected dosage. Drug levels should choose doctor, only he is able to calculate a safe dose that will give a good therapeutic effect. Side effects of medications Dexon appear, usually in the form of such symptoms:
- menstrual irregularities in women;
- muscle weakness;
- nausea, vomiting;
- violation of defecation;
- fatigue and General weakness.
If you have used the drops, you may experience decreased vision, photophobia, increased sense of itching, development of glaucoma, cataracts, and the formation of small erosions on the skin of the eyelids. In the presence of all these symptoms, you should, as soon as possible, to consult a doctor allergist. He podkorrektirovatj dosage of intake or prescribe another drug for treatment. In rare cases need symptomatic treatment and gastric lavage, if used pills.
A patient from an acute condition caused by the side effects, it is possible to rescue, giving him a number of sorbents and throw artificial means, if you have used the pills. In the case of using the drops, you need to flush mucous membranes with running water.
Method of application and doses
Acute allergic rhinitis, conjunctivitis and urticaria treated with Dexon, only after a thorough diagnosis. Medication released in pharmacies only when prescribed. A doctor prescribes a drug dosage based on the complexity of each situation and individual characteristics of the patient. For the treatment of seasonal conjunctivitis and prescribed 2 drops in each eye after 4 hours. Children are shown 2 drops in each eye 2 times a day. Tablets prescribed for admission for adults: 3 mg per day, children are shown at 0.5–1 mg/day. The solution for injection may be administered intramuscularly and intravenously in 1-5 ml (4-20 mg), 3 times a day.
It will be interesting to see what the solution for injection can be used for inhalation with a nebulizer if an asthmatic bronchitis, and also for the instillation of nose with seasonal rhinitis.
Very important when using eye drops, people with reduced vision do not wear contact lenses, there is a high risk of bacterial infection. After achieving a positive effect of the drug should gradually reduce the dosage, abrupt withdrawal can cause a number of unpleasant symptoms and aggravation of allergies.
Analogues of the drug
Taking into account the effects of the drug, Dixon, the pharmaceutical company has developed a number of analogues that can replace it, if necessary. Of course, analog means may be inferior to the original speed of the action, but a positive effect is observed, in almost all cases. If you are faced with a situation of the absence of the pharmacy Dexon, to replace it you can:
- Depo medroom;
- The kenalog;
The above drugs are well absorbed by the body, though also belong to the group of hormonal drugs. Despite the same principle of action, each of them has its own characteristics, so before use, should read the user manual. None of the drugs should not be used after the expiry date to see that you can on the cardboard packaging. Store drugs in a dry, inaccessible to children place at temperature from 20 to 24 degrees.