Detachment of the nail plate from the nail bed: treatment

Causes the detachment of the nail plate from the finger, and methods of treatment

Even women who carefully monitor the condition of nails, they may start to flake and bring a lot of problems. In this article you can see why separating the fingernails, what causes this and treatment.

  • A General description of the disease
  • Causes of detachment of the nail
  • Treatment

A General description of the disease

A detached nail is a symptom of disease called onycholysis. This disease affects the nails, is characterized by the detachment of the nail plate from the bed. Symptoms of the disease are varied and depend on the causes. The first noticeable symptoms of the disease:

  • the glimpses of hope, located between nail and tissue;
  • change the color of the nail plate.

The color depends on the causes of disease, to infections yellow, blue, brown. For non-infectious causes of infection – grayish white.

When the detachment of the nail from the nail bed hasn’t started yet, but he bought a different color, girls ignore the problem and take up the varnish. Slight defect in appearance after some time can lead to serious consequences.

Causes of detachment of the nail

Distinguish 7 main reasons for the detachment of the nail plate:

  • Mechanical damages. Often accompanied by an inflammatory reaction when injected into the damaged site of secondary infection, the formation of hematoma.
  • Aggressive substances, household chemicals. When exposed to provoke the rejection of the plate, discoloration, tissue necrosis. Household chemicals – common cause of rejection of the nail plate as a result of allergic reactions. If you are allergic clinical picture is supplemented by the symptoms of the inflammatory response.
  • Antibiotics. The use of tetracycline and fluoroquinolones with excessive consumption causes onycholysis.
  • Fungus, pyogenic bacteria. In 30-60% of cases detachment of the nails on the hands caused by the pathogenic action of these micro-organisms. Among the pyogenic bacteria causing onycholysis, common strep and staph.
  • Chronic diseases. Long-term adverse effects on the nervous, digestive, cardiovascular system, endocrine organs – the cause of exfoliation of the plates.
  • Skin diseases. Eczema, allergic, atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, cause the lack of receipt of the necessary nutrients the nail plate for full development.
  • Manicure. Poor work done with damage to the nail plate can cause the detachment of the nail plate.
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    Infectious and noninfectious causes of disease provoke the emergence of characteristic symptoms, different from the overall clinical picture. Depending on the reasons for the delamination of the plate is accompanied by a color change of plastics, suppuration, swelling.


    When the first symptoms of the disease should see a dermatologist. After laboratory or instrumental examination will be explained the cause of the disease, on the basis of which will determine treatment.

    When the nail plate splits, prescribe a range of drugs that provides active inflow of mineral and nutrients for development and growth of a healthy nail:

    • vitamin A, B, C;
    • calcium, iron;
    • gelatin solutions.

    For topical treatment used warm baths with the addition of potassium permanganate. The procedure was repeated for 2 times a day to cure. After the bath, thumb, or others who are affected make a lotion from sintomitsinovoy ointment. If necessary, the ointment is replaced by a 2% alcoholic solution of tinola. Massage and other physiotherapy treatments improve blood circulation in the affected limb.

    In case of serious mechanical injuries, the bulk necrotic areas you need surgery to remove the nail plastics, and dead tissue.

    Note. Timely disposal of small areas of necrotic tissue located under the plate, will allow to avoid surgical intervention.

    If the nails exfoliate because of a fungal infection, antifungal drugs are appointed, ointments and solutions. In chronic diseases, dermatitis, need a comprehensive treatment to correct the underlying pathology and substances that strengthen the nail plate.

    The consequences of mechanical damage clean up easily, respecting the hygiene of the nail plate, cutting off the protruding edges and glued antibacterial adhesive that does not penetrate a secondary infection under the plate.

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    Separation of the fingernails – the reason for direct contact with aggressive substances or household cleaning products? Avoid getting on your plate these substances, using rubber gloves. In time caring for the nails, avoiding direct contact with household chemicals, mechanical damage, can protect your nails from stratification. Remember that to prevent illness is easier than curing.

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