Dermatitis on the face atopic and its treatment in adults

Classification of dermatitis on the face: symptoms and treatment

Inflammatory disease of the skin called dermatitis, causes a lot of trouble to the patient, but particularly problematic if the symptoms of the disease appear on the face. This cosmetic defect brings not only physical suffering but also psychological problems. Atopic dermatitis on the face often appears in early childhood, but other types of this disease can affect adults. We’ll show you how to identify and treat different forms of this disease.

  • Symptoms
  • Classification
  • Kind of allergic disease
  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Contact form
  • Perioral
  • Seborrheic
  • Treatment

Symptoms

Before treating the dermatitis, you must learn to distinguish this disease from other skin diseases. That looks like dermatitis, it is easy to tell by pictures online. If you notice one of the following symptoms on your face, you need to visit a doctor:

  • the formation of areas with irritation and redness;
  • the appearance of lesions on any parts of skin like the face, and body;
  • severe itching;
  • peeling of skin (may occur not at all);
  • soreness or sensitivity of the epidermal layer;
  • joint pain headache;
  • less temperature rise.

Different dermatitis can be confused with other skin diseases (psoriasis, lupus), so the diagnosis should be put physician after a thorough examination of the patient, medical history and tests. Dermatitis on the face and other parts of the body passes through several stages in its development:

  • The acute phase is the beginning of the disease. On the skin may appear swollen and reddish spots. In some types of dermatitis appear blisters filled with fluid. The process of formation of the rash is extremely itchy and a burning sensation.
  • Subacute form is characterized by the appearance of dry scales and scabs, which cause discomfort itching and soreness. The reasons for the transition of the disease from the acute form subacute lie in the wrong or ineffective treatment of the initial stage, as well as the absence of therapy.
  • Chronic stage of the disease is manifested by periods of remission, when the symptoms of the disease are completely absent. These periods alternate with exacerbations, in which clearly manifested all the signs of the disease. The chronic form is harder to treat and has a relapsing course.
  • The causes of dermatitis the following:

    • genetic predisposition;
    • hormonal imbalances;
    • improper diet;
    • stress;
    • fatigue;
    • abrupt climate change;
    • bad habits;
    • the cause of contact dermatitis can be a cosmetic product;
    • allergic reactions.

    Important! Local treatment of dermatitis may give a temporary good effect, but to get rid of the disease completely, it is necessary to identify and eliminate the cause of the disease.

    Classification

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    Before you start to treat dermatitis on face in adults or children, you need to install a variation of this disease. There are the following types of diseases:

    • allergic;
    • atopic;
    • contact;
    • oral;
    • seborrheic.

    Kind of allergic disease

    Blame in causing this disease have Allergy. To provoke the disease can many potential allergens:

    • plant pollen, dust, mites, animal dander and insects;
    • allergenic foods (e.g., chocolate, citrus, strawberry, etc.);
    • household chemicals, cosmetics.

    Allergic dermatitis on the face, primarily manifested by watery eyes, rashes, swelling, runny nose, redness and itching. As a rule, at first contact with the allergen the symptoms do not appear, but after repeated exposure to the disease will make itself felt in 4-5 days.

    If you have allergic dermatitis on the face, treatment should start with identifying the allergen and cease contact with him. Also shown treatment with antihistamines. If the stimulus is not detected and continues to affect the body, does not exclude the complication of the course of the disease and its transition to more complex atopic form.

    Atopic dermatitis

    Do not try to cure at home this form of the disease, because it has a very complex mechanism of development. If not treated, the disease or it is not done properly it can become chronic and cause eczema.

    The causes of this disease are often associated with a hereditary predisposition. If both parents have some form of Allergy, the likelihood of dermatitis in a child is over 90 percent. With a 60 percent chance the disease will have children one of whose parents has a tendency to allergies.

    The main manifestations of the disease:

    • red rash on the face (often the cheeks);
    • itching;
    • oozing;
    • dry crust.

    This illness often manifests itself in early childhood. Some of the children he fully passes to four years, and the other becomes chronic, and is complicated with eczema or asthma.

    How to cure this disease, it’s up to the doctor because therapy must be comprehensive. It is necessary to identify and stop contact with the allergen. Shown diet. In severe cases, prescribe hormones.

    Contact form

    Contact dermatitis on the face is very similar to the disease of allergic nature. The only difference is that it affects only those areas of skin that are in contact with the irritant. The disease can cause such things as:

    • cosmetics;
    • hair dye;
    • synthetic clothing;
    • jewelry with Nickel in composition;
    • medicine;
    • pet hair;
    • household chemicals;
    • varnishes, paints, solutions;
    • some of the plants.
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    One of the varieties of contact dermatitis can be considered as solar dermatitis. In this case, the skin reacts with redness and itching on the sun’s rays. This kind of disease can be treated at home. Enough to stop contact with the irritant and to drink a course of antihistamines.

    Important! If you don’t pay attention to the contact dermatitis and not treat it, the redness may be aggravated by peeling of the skin, rashes and the accession of secondary infection.

    Perioral

    This species is more often diagnosed between 20 to 30 years. Usually the rash and redness are localized around the oral cavity, but sometimes are diagnosed with dermatitis on the nose and the skin of the eyelids. The disease is characterized by the appearance of spots in different shades (from light pink to bright red). When entering the cold spots can fade.

    To provoke the ailment is capable of:

    • cosmetics;
    • toothpastes;
    • violation of metabolic processes;
    • malfunctions of the nervous system;
    • treatment of hormonal drugs.

    Started form the surface of the reddish spots becomes uneven, they protrude above the skin level. This form of dermatitis is treated the easiest. You need to choose the right skin care and cosmetics, cure internal diseases.

    Seborrheic

    The occurrence of this form of the disease is associated with increased production of the sebaceous glands of sebum. On the background of increased activity of conditionally pathogenic fungal flora on human skin. The fungus invades the epithelium and feeds on the lipids contained in the sebum.

    Most often disease is localized to the hairy parts of the head where it manifests itself in the form of dandruff. With the defeat of the skin on the face symptoms can vary depending on its shape. There may be two:

  • Fat. Pustular skin rash, acne, acne, comedones. The skin is shiny and has an unhealthy grayish hue.
  • Dry. The skin begins to peel off and very itchy. On the skin formed white flakes, which is not so easy to get rid of.
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    Treatment

    Only doctor decides how to treat dermatitis on the face depending on the forms and varieties of the disease. In the treatment of allergic forms of dermatitis is also appointed antihistamines (Zyrtec, Aerius, Telfast). For symptoms prescribed ointments and creams for topical application. As a desensitizing therapy is carried intravenous infusion of a 10% solution of calcium gluconate.

    Important! The patient should follow the diet with the exception of allergens.

    To improve the condition of the skin in contact dermatitis prescribe corticosteroids for example Lokoid or Advantan. They need to lubricate the affected skin of the skin once a day for three or five days.

    For the topical treatment of atopic dermatitis, the doctor may prescribe one of the following:

    • Elokom reduces swelling and eliminates itching. The ointment used in the skin peeling, and the cream in the presence of inflammatory infiltrates.
    • Afloderm reduces swelling and itching, has anti-inflammatory, constricts blood vessels. The course of treatment – 3 weeks.
    • Trisara is a special cream to reduce the sensitivity of the skin. It is applied twice a day on cleansed skin.
    • Solcoseryl in the form of ointments and gel accelerates healing of the skin, reduces irritation, restores the deep layers of the dermis. Skin is treated a couple of times a day.

    At the same time is the normalization of the intestinal flora using Bifidumbacterin, hilak Forte or Smecta. To calm the nervous system, the doctor will prescribe the Persians, Atarax or Tofisopam.

    In the treatment of seborrheic dermatitis can not do without antifungal drugs and ointments as well as products based on salicylic acid. With the aim of strengthening immunity shown vitamins E and A, and fish oil. Ointment with zinc dry skin, and fight fungal flora.

    In the treatment of oral dermatitis to abandon steroid ointments, fluorinated toothpaste. Remedial courses are conducted with the use of Trichopolum and Metronidazole. In pustular rashes are shown antibacterial therapy. Vitamin – Riboflavin, vitamin B6, Niacin, Askorutin.

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