Chronic candidiasis and the symptoms of yeast infection in women

Causes of chronic candidiasis, diagnosis and treatment

There are chronic illnesses which when left untreated can lead to the formation of many complications. Such diseases can be attributed to chronic yeast infection. The cause of chronic disease is ineffective treatment of its acute forms. In this case, the disease with alternating periods of remission and exacerbations. Effective treatment of chronic candidiasis is quite an important subject, because with frequent relapses of the disease facing one in four women.

  • Reasons
  • Form of the disease and symptoms
  • Diagnostic measures
  • Treatment of chronic yeast infection
  • The consequences

Reasons

Chronic candidiasis is usually diagnosed on the background of a weakened immune system when the body’s defenses are not enough in order to keep the infection under control. However, there are several factors that contribute to reactivating infection:

  • chronic bowel problems;
  • the fascination with the milk products (in this case, an acidic environment is formed and the vagina, which promotes the growth of fungi Candida);
  • prolonged antibiotic therapy causes intestinal dysbiosis (from the mushrooms spread to other organs);
  • hormonal contraceptives and hormonal therapy;
  • the abundance of carbohydrate food, which leads to dibiase of the intestine and spread of bacteria;
  • genital herpes;
  • hormonal imbalances;
  • pregnancy;
  • chronic kidney disease and the liver;
  • infectious diseases of the urogenital area, occurring chronically.

Important! The main causes of chronic yeast infection associated with decreased immunity. However, sometimes illness can be a lack of iron and zinc in the body, and its sensitization by kandidatiem.

Often the disease is detected in patients with such diseases:

  • Hypoparathyroidism. It is a disease in which not enough the hormone responsible for calcium absorption in the intestine. This process is disturbed, there is a decrease in the reverse absorption of calcium by the kidneys and its withdrawal from the bones.
  • Adrenal insufficiency – gipokortitsizm.
  • Patients found infections that are transmitted sexually.
  • Hypothyroidism or lack of thyroid.
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    Form of the disease and symptoms

    Chronic candidiasis is characterized by a variety of organ damage. If you have chronic thrush, the symptoms of the disease may vary depending on the localization of the inflammatory process, forms of the disease and its duration.

    Often, chronic fungal disease of the oral cavity. When it mouth visible plaque, which contains plaques and nodules. The mouth is visible papillary hyperplasia. If the disease for a long period of time, are formed densely welded foils, which are fused with the mucosa. In chronic hyperplastic fungal mucous blush and bleed.

    Signs of a chronic yeast infection in men are manifested in candidal balanoposthitis. If the illness is prolonged, then formed the phimosis and very painful cracks. For the treatment would need to undertake surgery. Manifestations of chronic yeast infection in women can be diseases that are expressed in lesions of skin and nails, diseases of the genital and internal organs.

    A young girl’s disease can affect only the genitals and does not extend beyond them. This disease is accompanied by the following symptoms:

    • slight redness and swelling;
    • dryness and cracking of the mucosa;
    • discharge from the vagina may be absent or insignificant.

    Chronic fungal infection of the vagina usually accompanied by severe itching. Sometimes this complaint when contacting the patient is the only one. Often this itching is worse before menstruation or after intercourse. Usually this disease develops, if the initial acute disease was not carried out suitable treatment.

    Important! If left untreated with chronic Candida vaginitis, it can lead to dangerous damage internal organs, adhesions and infertility.

    When Candida skin lesions usually appear on areas of the skin with a small swelling and a rash. In this case visible as small vesicles and papules with pustules. After spontaneous opening of vesicles formed oozing erosion. Surface erosions shiny with a whitish bloom. This pattern is repeated several times a year, at moments of exacerbation of the disease.

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    Fungal chronic lesion of the intestine is usually formed on the background of prolonged antibiotic therapy. Because the drug destroys a useful microflora, prevent the breeding of fungus, develops in the intestinal candidiasis. Usually for this form of the disease characteristic symptoms of dysbiosis: constipation or diarrhea, flatulence, abdominal pain, General intoxication due to poor digestion.

    Diagnostic measures

    Chronic vulvovaginitis in women is usually manifested by discomfort and cheesy discharge from the vagina, which is odorless. Patient complains of itching and urination disorder. During the examination the doctor can detect the redness of the mucosa and skin, as well as a distinctive selection in the vaginal vault.

    For accurate diagnosis it is necessary to conduct tests for the detection of infections caused by bacterial vaginosis, and trichomoniasis. If under the microscope to examine vaginal secretions, it will be revealed by the mushroom Candida.

    Also, the doctor may prescribe additional studies:

    • a special blood test to detect antibodies to fungi of the genus Candida;
    • examines the scrapings from the mucous membrane of the mouth and vagina.

    Treatment of chronic yeast infection

    Often cure chronic fungal infection can be very difficult, since it exhibits resistance to many antifungal drugs. It usually happens when patients self-medicate with the use of these drugs.

    Important: sometimes the ineffectiveness of treatment due to the characteristics of the organism, which does not properly react to the selected dosage of medication and duration of therapy.

    If a person has observed more than four episodes of exacerbations in the year, it shows prolonged antifungal therapy. For this prescribed Fluconazole at a dosage of 100 mg/day, which need to be taken for several months.

    Equally important before you can treat a fungal infection, to remove reduced immunity and restore the body’s defenses. Therefore, for the treatment of illness is better to consult a doctor and not to self-medicate. The doctor will first prescribe drugs for correction of immunity and stimulation of protective forces.

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    For complete cure it is important to follow the specific anti-fungal diet. Need to give up:

    • sweets;
    • products made with white flour;
    • sweet fruit;
    • canned products;
    • some of the vegetables.

    The consequences

    Very often chronic yeast infection manifests itself scarce symptoms, therefore, patients prefer not to consult a doctor or are treated themselves. IV that, in either case, this can lead to dangerous lesions of the internal organs:

  • Fungal sepsis is the most dangerous complication.
  • Perforation of the tissues, which cause severe pain.
  • Different types of bleeding.
  • Ulcers can penetrate into the surrounding tissue.
  • In women develops infertility.
  • Tissue necrosis.
  • It is very important to observe the deadlines of therapy. In the treatment of chronic forms of medications must be taken for six months. But after that, you can get rid of the disease forever. To reduce the risk of recurrence of the disease, it is necessary to treat acute disease, useful for screening for the presence of latent genital infections. It is necessary to wear cotton underwear and keep the skin clean. Also better to completely abandon the use of perfumed bath means.

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