Chickenpox in infants and children: symptoms and treatment

The treatment of chickenpox in infants and the symptoms of the disease

Despite the fact that chicken pox in most cases is easily tolerated by children, there are always exceptions to the rule. So, the chickenpox in children under one year is usually severe. Mother infants need to know not only how this disease manifests itself at this age, but also how it’s properly treated. The symptoms and treatment of chicken pox in early childhood you can find in our article.

  • The nuances of infection
  • Manifestations of the disease
  • The danger of the disease
  • Treatment

The nuances of infection

Chickenpox is caused by herpes simplex virus, which is of particular volatility in the external environment. Varicella-Zoster, the so-called causative agent, able to penetrate by staircases and ventilation systems from one room to another.

Answering the question of whether to get chicken pox your baby, if you got a virus on clothes after visiting the clinic, it should be said that this infection is easily destroyed in the external environment, so this route of infection is excluded. Chickenpox in newborns and children under years can only come in contact with the patient or stay with him in the neighborhood.

The probability of occurrence of chickenpox in children under one year will be lower if the mother of the baby had previously had the disease and feeds the baby’s chest. With breast milk the child is transferred antibodies to this virus, so even if contact with the patient the risk of infection is minimal. However, if you want to know at what age the baby is able to get chickenpox if the mother baby already suffered from the disease, with approximately six months protection of an organism weakens.

Especially difficult is chicken pox in a newborn and babies up to three months. That is why the first three months, parents should carefully to protect the child from contact with sick chicken pox people and those who have shingles.

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Manifestations of the disease

If you want to know how does chicken pox in infants, you should familiarize yourself with the symptoms of this ailment:

  • One of the first symptoms, manifested as chickenpox in infants, is a characteristic rash. Thus the undulating course of the disease, that is, after the appearance of the rash is followed by a break, followed again get a rash. Children under 1 year symptoms are typically expressed in alternately increasing and evanescent rash.
  • Usually the appearance of bubbles is inextricably linked to the rise in temperature. That is, before the advent of each new batch of rash temperature rises. However, if rashes in infants are of a local character, increasing the temperature may not be.
  • Chickenpox in a child causes severe itching, so kids are usually restless, often crying, refusing food and bad sleep.
  • How the babies tolerate this disease largely depends on the localization and intensity of the rash. Less than the intensity of precipitation, the lower the temperature, the faster the healing. The chicken pox one year old baby rash begins as flat red spots that turn into papules filled with clear content. After the bubble spontaneously opened, the contents poured out, and in this place formed a dry crust that disappears after complete healing of the epithelium. Chickenpox in infants throughout the period with the rash contributes to anxiety, irritability and moodiness baby.

    Chickenpox in babies is easiest tolerated by babies breastfed because they receive antibodies from breast milk. Those children who already eat solid foods, you may begin to abandon the juice or puree. In this case, no need to force-feed the baby. Offer him the breast when he wants to eat. The main thing is not to forget about drinking. This is especially important for iskusstvennomu. They can drink weak tea or unsweetened compote.

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    Now you know what it looks like chickenpox in children 1-St year of life. But also you should know that chicken pox in infants, the symptoms of which we have listed above, refers to a mild form of the disease. However, common and severe form of this disease in children up to one year. It is very hard to treat themselves. You can call the following signs of chickenpox in infants severe:

    • The child refuses to eat and his temperature rises to 40°.
    • The next day there are abundant rash which cover the entire body. Rashes also occur with a characteristic periodicity.
    • Due to drying and swelling of the nasopharynx and larynx can be a choking or false croup. This condition is extremely dangerous, so we need to call an ambulance.

    The danger of the disease

    Answering the question of whether the dangerous chickenpox for young children is to say that in most cases, chickenpox is mild and not serious. If we talk about how dangerous chickenpox, it is possible to note the risk of bacterial secondary infection. Sometimes so complicated chickenpox in children 1 years that are intensively comb the blisters and bring the infection into the wound.

    The danger of this disease for babies up to three months lies in a more severe form of the flow. So, the chickenpox in newborns can lead to serious condition of the child because of the abundant rash covering the entire body, severe intoxication and high temperature.

    Important: the main danger lies in suffocation, which can occur because of edema of the larynx, and also dehydration that occurs on a background of diarrhea, vomiting and high temperature because of severe intoxication.

    Treatment

    Chicken pox in 1 year does not require specific treatment. On the recommendation of the doctor the baby shows the following remedial measures:

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  • The child provide complete quiet and bed rest.
  • Definitely need to give the baby plenty of warm drink.
  • To combat temperature using antipyretic in accordance with the age dosage. Usually prescribe Ibuprofen or Paracetamol in the form of syrup, or rectal suppositories.
  • To cure intense itching, you can use Fenistil drops. As written in the instructions, dosage of this drug coincides with the number of months of child’s life.
  • The bubbles can be coated with green paint or gel Fenistil to relieve itching.
  • Need every day to change underwear of the baby and the bed.
  • Nails of children should be cut short and hands washed frequently to not have the infection, the rash combing. To protect baby’s skin from scratching, the child wear mittens or scratchy.
  • Change your undershirts, sliders and diapers. All linen needs to be ironed with a hot iron.
  • Now you know if the babies get sick with chicken pox. It is important during a child’s illness often ventilate the area and maintain it in optimal humidity and temperature. The baby can be washed in warm water with added soda, or at least to wipe all folds with a damp cloth. You can not force feed the child when the illness, appetite he will recover.

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