Candidiasis of the skin on the face and in large folds in children: treatment
Symptoms of candidiasis of the skin and its classification
Yeast-like fungus of the genus Candida in the presence of favorable factors can lead to the development of infectious process that affects the mucous membranes, skin, internal organs (rare). Candidiasis on the face accompanied by redness and swelling, formation of small lesions in the form of erosions and papules. The risk group also includes young children who have the tendency of distribution of pathological process on the whole body.
- What is candidiasis of the skin?
- Classification of yeast infection depending on the localization
- Yeast symptoms of fungal infection depending on the affected area
- A yeast infection of the major skin folds
- Interdigital candidiasis and smooth skin
- A yeast infection on the face and stomatitis
- Other forms of thrush: the characteristics
What is candidiasis of the skin?
Candidiasis of the skin is called superficial lesions of the skin, which is a red spot or edematous lesions with the formation of bubbles, vesiculo, papules and small erosions.
In most cases, the pathological process occurs in skin folds in the groin and axillary area, in the interdigital space and under the Breasts. Diagnosis involves microscopic examination of a scraping of the upper layer of the epithelium, is carried out in the laboratory.
For the treatment of candidiasis of the skin is necessary to set the type of pathogen, the number of them. Also take into account the patient’s age, severity of disease, concomitant disease and other factors. The treatment is local and General. Initially prescribe medications of local action. In the absence of the desired therapeutic effect recommended drugs for systemic use.
There are several forms of pathology:
- A yeast infection of the skin and its appendages;
- Pathology of the mucous membranes;
- Candidiasis inguinal folds, etc.
Depending on the localization and form of the pathological process, clinical manifestations are different.
Important: the most severe form of the disease – generalized skin disease characterized by lesions of the skin of the person.
The main reasons for the development of candidiasis lie in the weakening of the immune system, antibacterial therapy, severe chronic diseases, deficit of vitamins and minerals, etc.
Classification of yeast infection depending on the localization
Candidiasis of the skin in children and adults is considered from the point of view of medicine as surface lesions of the skin, mucous membranes, nail plates and surrounding tissues. The disease is in acute or chronic form. In the latter case the pathology is characterized by frequent exacerbations followed by remissions of short duration.
To treat chronic form is very difficult, as each relapse is accompanied by damage to new areas of the skin.
Classification of pathology depending on the area of localization of abnormal process:
Medical practice notes that fungal infection in most of the paintings simultaneously affects multiple areas of the skin. With the weakening of the immune status in the absence of treatment of the disease limited form of fast transformirovalsya in generalized massive dissemination throughout the body.
Worth knowing: candidiasis of the skin is called thrush skin candidiasis, antidos, yeast infections, monilia.
Yeast symptoms of fungal infection depending on the affected area
Symptoms of candidiasis of the skin vary depending on the localization. However, some General clinical manifestations, which are inherent in all skin diseases caused by fungi of the genus Candida.
Patients complain of severe itching, burning, tautness of the skin. Another characteristic feature – loose halo of the epithelium at the edges of the affected areas. Often there is a yeast infection in the mouth. Moreover, the language and the inner surface of the cheeks are always bright red, dry and shiny. But in the morning the language of the white plaque that is easily removed by a toothbrush.
In appearance of cutaneous manifestations of candidiasis are:
- The erythematous form is characterized by the formation of foci of bright erythema, edema, erosions and oozing;
- Vesicular type accompanied by inflammatory pathological elements of the skin – pustules with purulent contents, papules (small dense pimples), bubbles that burst, in humid areas with a cottage cheese filling.
Treatment of candidiasis of the skin depends on the severity of the process, the individual characteristics of the tissue, age of the patient. The most common clinical manifestations are characteristic for several forms of yeast infection.
A yeast infection of the major skin folds
Candidiasis of skin folds has many symptoms. Initially rashes appear in the form of small bubbles filled with clear content. Eventually they burst, form small ulcers. May merge into large conglomerates.
There are swollen spots are red hue, sometimes blue. Usually covered with white bloom, always peel at the edges. Often patients complain of discomfort, itching sensations and severe pain. Sometimes the picture is complemented by the appearance of ulcers, the appearance of painful cracks in skin folds.
Interdigital candidiasis and smooth skin
Between the toes the rash appears similar to hives. There is swelling and redness of the skin. The spots have a sharp outline, peel the edges of the lesion. There are painful cracks itch much. When combing observed the spread of the pathological process of itching increases.
For candidiasis smooth skin characterized by the appearance of tiny bubbles under a thin skin. There is hyperemia. Swelling is rare.
A yeast infection on the face and stomatitis
Candidiasis of the skin manifested initially by small red spots. Over time they are transformed into little blisters that burst, resulting in the observed oozing erosion. The affected area has smooth contours, is constantly increasing.
Stomatitis is accompanied by redness in the mouth. Revealed the isolated white spots the size of 1-5 mm, have a tendency to increase. After removing the plaque remains bleeding and redness. In the language formed multiple small cracks, which lead to pain. Children often refuse to eat due to pain. Newborns decreases body weight, there is loose stools, severe dehydration.
Note the lack of timely treatment leads to the spread of fungus to the mucous of the nose, esophagus, vocal cords and digestive tract.
Other forms of thrush: the characteristics
Folliculitis is accompanied by round plaques, which have a blue rim. They can be transformed into papillomas and warts. When you remove the cortical plaque exposed affected area, there is a slight bleeding. When healing scars are formed.
Symptoms of cheilitis: gray powder in the corners of the lips, removing it reveals a crack, which hurts. There is a swelling and blueness of the lips, a slight peeling, burning, tingling. Generalized form develops only in the background immunity. Begins with lesions in the oral cavity. After the skin spots appear blue or brown up to 20 mm, peel. The hair falls out.
Without treatment, a high likelihood of an adverse prognosis due to the destruction of all internal organs and systems by the fungus Candida.