Candidiasis of the skin on the face and in large folds in children: treatment

Symptoms of candidiasis of the skin and its classification

Yeast-like fungus of the genus Candida in the presence of favorable factors can lead to the development of infectious process that affects the mucous membranes, skin, internal organs (rare). Candidiasis on the face accompanied by redness and swelling, formation of small lesions in the form of erosions and papules. The risk group also includes young children who have the tendency of distribution of pathological process on the whole body.

  • What is candidiasis of the skin?
  • Classification of yeast infection depending on the localization
  • Yeast symptoms of fungal infection depending on the affected area
  • A yeast infection of the major skin folds
  • Interdigital candidiasis and smooth skin
  • A yeast infection on the face and stomatitis
  • Other forms of thrush: the characteristics

What is candidiasis of the skin?

Candidiasis of the skin is called superficial lesions of the skin, which is a red spot or edematous lesions with the formation of bubbles, vesiculo, papules and small erosions.

In most cases, the pathological process occurs in skin folds in the groin and axillary area, in the interdigital space and under the Breasts. Diagnosis involves microscopic examination of a scraping of the upper layer of the epithelium, is carried out in the laboratory.

For the treatment of candidiasis of the skin is necessary to set the type of pathogen, the number of them. Also take into account the patient’s age, severity of disease, concomitant disease and other factors. The treatment is local and General. Initially prescribe medications of local action. In the absence of the desired therapeutic effect recommended drugs for systemic use.

There are several forms of pathology:

  • A yeast infection of the skin and its appendages;
  • Pathology of the mucous membranes;
  • Candidiasis inguinal folds, etc.

Depending on the localization and form of the pathological process, clinical manifestations are different.

Important: the most severe form of the disease – generalized skin disease characterized by lesions of the skin of the person.

The main reasons for the development of candidiasis lie in the weakening of the immune system, antibacterial therapy, severe chronic diseases, deficit of vitamins and minerals, etc.

Classification of yeast infection depending on the localization

Candidiasis of the skin in children and adults is considered from the point of view of medicine as surface lesions of the skin, mucous membranes, nail plates and surrounding tissues. The disease is in acute or chronic form. In the latter case the pathology is characterized by frequent exacerbations followed by remissions of short duration.

READ  Actovegin tablets and ointment: instructions for use

To treat chronic form is very difficult, as each relapse is accompanied by damage to new areas of the skin.

Classification of pathology depending on the area of localization of abnormal process:

  • Candidiasis of large skin folds. This group includes diaper dermatitis in young children. Mainly diagnosed in adults with a history of severe pathology or diabetes the first or second type, and babies. Clinical manifestations occur under the Breasts, in the armpit, in the groin, in the area of the anus, on the buttocks. Less often affects the inner thighs.
  • Candidiasis smooth skin appears on the face and affects the cheeks, nose and forehead – usually closer to the ears. Sometimes appears on the neck, chest, shins, abdomen and forearms. In risk group includes newborn babies, as their infection spreads rapidly, leading to disease progression.
  • Cutaneous candidiasis handprints, speed, hands. This form in most clinical pictures diagnosed in children. The adult fungi are localized on the outer surface of the foot, striking the skin, sometimes inner side of the upper limbs.
  • A yeast infection on the skin between the toes. Is localized in the interdigital folds. The risk group also includes children attending kindergarten. Adults who have thrush is associated with professional activities.
  • Onycha or paronychia. Pathology are accompanied by the defeat of the nail plate, skin folds around the nails. In severe infectious process spreads to the surrounding tissue.
  • Cheilitis or another name – mycotic star. The fungus infects the skin of the lips, accompanied by a red border around them. In other cases there is in the corners of the mouth due to excessive moisture saliva. In children the etiology is due to malocclusion, diseases of ENT-organs. In adults, the causes are often associated with the irregular shape is made of the denture.
  • Skin disease that affects the areola and nipples. Usually develops in women during breastfeeding.
  • Folliculitis Candida nature manifests itself on the scalp under the hairline on the face. The rash occurs in the armpits, on the upper and lower extremities where there are hair follicles.
  • Stomatitis affects the oral mucosa, tongue, gums, palate, inside the cheeks, tonsils. The main cause of stomatitis in children (photo) – transmission from mothers during lactation.
  • Candidiasis of genital organs in men leads to balanite, due to which the affected mucosa of the genitals; in women abnormal process can spread to neighboring skin areas.
  • READ  Skin peeling face: causes peeling and what to do

    Medical practice notes that fungal infection in most of the paintings simultaneously affects multiple areas of the skin. With the weakening of the immune status in the absence of treatment of the disease limited form of fast transformirovalsya in generalized massive dissemination throughout the body.

    Worth knowing: candidiasis of the skin is called thrush skin candidiasis, antidos, yeast infections, monilia.

    Yeast symptoms of fungal infection depending on the affected area

    Symptoms of candidiasis of the skin vary depending on the localization. However, some General clinical manifestations, which are inherent in all skin diseases caused by fungi of the genus Candida.

    Patients complain of severe itching, burning, tautness of the skin. Another characteristic feature – loose halo of the epithelium at the edges of the affected areas. Often there is a yeast infection in the mouth. Moreover, the language and the inner surface of the cheeks are always bright red, dry and shiny. But in the morning the language of the white plaque that is easily removed by a toothbrush.

    In appearance of cutaneous manifestations of candidiasis are:

    • The erythematous form is characterized by the formation of foci of bright erythema, edema, erosions and oozing;
    • Vesicular type accompanied by inflammatory pathological elements of the skin – pustules with purulent contents, papules (small dense pimples), bubbles that burst, in humid areas with a cottage cheese filling.

    Treatment of candidiasis of the skin depends on the severity of the process, the individual characteristics of the tissue, age of the patient. The most common clinical manifestations are characteristic for several forms of yeast infection.

    A yeast infection of the major skin folds

    Candidiasis of skin folds has many symptoms. Initially rashes appear in the form of small bubbles filled with clear content. Eventually they burst, form small ulcers. May merge into large conglomerates.

    There are swollen spots are red hue, sometimes blue. Usually covered with white bloom, always peel at the edges. Often patients complain of discomfort, itching sensations and severe pain. Sometimes the picture is complemented by the appearance of ulcers, the appearance of painful cracks in skin folds.

    Interdigital candidiasis and smooth skin

    Between the toes the rash appears similar to hives. There is swelling and redness of the skin. The spots have a sharp outline, peel the edges of the lesion. There are painful cracks itch much. When combing observed the spread of the pathological process of itching increases.

    READ  POLYSORB mask for face for acne - reviews

    For candidiasis smooth skin characterized by the appearance of tiny bubbles under a thin skin. There is hyperemia. Swelling is rare.

    A yeast infection on the face and stomatitis

    Candidiasis of the skin manifested initially by small red spots. Over time they are transformed into little blisters that burst, resulting in the observed oozing erosion. The affected area has smooth contours, is constantly increasing.

    Stomatitis is accompanied by redness in the mouth. Revealed the isolated white spots the size of 1-5 mm, have a tendency to increase. After removing the plaque remains bleeding and redness. In the language formed multiple small cracks, which lead to pain. Children often refuse to eat due to pain. Newborns decreases body weight, there is loose stools, severe dehydration.

    Note the lack of timely treatment leads to the spread of fungus to the mucous of the nose, esophagus, vocal cords and digestive tract.

    Other forms of thrush: the characteristics

    Folliculitis is accompanied by round plaques, which have a blue rim. They can be transformed into papillomas and warts. When you remove the cortical plaque exposed affected area, there is a slight bleeding. When healing scars are formed.

    Symptoms of cheilitis: gray powder in the corners of the lips, removing it reveals a crack, which hurts. There is a swelling and blueness of the lips, a slight peeling, burning, tingling. Generalized form develops only in the background immunity. Begins with lesions in the oral cavity. After the skin spots appear blue or brown up to 20 mm, peel. The hair falls out.

    Without treatment, a high likelihood of an adverse prognosis due to the destruction of all internal organs and systems by the fungus Candida.

    Popular articles