Angioma — what is it and how to treat: the symptoms of education

What is angioma: types and methods of treatment

If on the body of a red mole, it is called angioma. This benign neoplasm, which is formed from the blood and lymph vessels. Typically, these moles appear on the face, torso, limbs and even internal organs. Often, the development and the process of the appearance of these moles may be accompanied by slight bleeding. In our article we will explain what is a angioma, but will list the types and describe the methods of treatment.

  • The causes of angioma
  • Symptoms
  • Varieties
  • Treatment of angioma
  • Surgical excision

The causes of angioma

The main cause of these moles is the formation of incorrect connections between veins and arteries. Because of this, the blood itself seeping into the veins and passes through the capillary network. However, until now, until the end is not exactly studied why moles appear red. Some scientists believe that the reason lies in utero, when there is a violation development of blood vessels in the fetus. In this case, the pathology may manifest in a child immediately after birth.

Sometimes, however, angiomas occur in adults. The factors provoking the appearance of angioma include the following:

  • various injuries;
  • prolonged nervous tension;
  • certain medications that the mother took during pregnancy, can lead to such pathologies in children;
  • alcohol and Smoking during pregnancy.

These moles are not dangerous to humans, so treat them is not necessary. However, when multiple angiomas can make the assumption that malignant processes in the body. In this case, you need to treat the underlying disease.

Symptoms

If a person angioma what it is, we understand, with regard to the symptoms, they depend on the structure of education, its localization and size. Most of these moles found in the first days of a child’s life. While angiomas popping baby girls. There is a rapid growth of angioma, when for several months the mass grows to 1 mm in diameter to several centimeters.

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Vascular angioma may be in any area of the body:

  • on the muscular and skeletal elements (often diagnosed angiom the spine);
  • on the internal organs, for example, angioma of the liver or brain;
  • on the genital mucosa or the oral cavity;
  • on the skin.

The treatment of skin angiomas species are shown only if they cause a cosmetic defect. However angioma of the liver and other internal organs can lead to dangerous complications:

  • respiratory failure;
  • blurred vision;
  • the difficulty of the process of defecation and urination;
  • problems with the digestive tract.

Symptoms of bone vascular tumors the following:

  • deformation of the skeleton;
  • severe pain;
  • radicular syndrome;
  • there may be fractures at the tumor site.

The most dangerous are brain tumors. Initially, they are asymptomatic, but then can join disorders neurological:

  • reduced vision;
  • hemiparesis;
  • headaches;
  • speech disorders;
  • increase in blood pressure;
  • problems with coordination of movements.

Varieties

There are the following types of tumors by type of building:

  • Simple tumor also called hypertrophic or capillary. This widening of the vessels, capillaries or small arteries. The location of the skin. They can be both small and giant. Extremely rare malignant reborn.
  • The cavernous, or cavernous angioma. This is a pulsating tumor with blood-filled cavities. Its color can be from dark red to Burgundy. You can understand, it looks like a spot slightly raised above the skin. A tumor is spongy. More often it is localized in the subcutaneous layer and skin. Rarely grows in the bones and muscles. When placed on the skin it is not dangerous, but in lesions of the brain or other internal organs, the tumor may ulcerate and bleed.
  • Venous angioma is a benign, but can grow. This accumulation of multiple cavities (corpora cavernosa), which are separated by thin walls. Tumor localization: skin, subcutaneous tissue, brain, and muscle tissue.
  • Intraosseous tumor is usually localized in the cranial bones. Very often it becomes a cause of recurrent bleeding.
  • Branched or stellate angioma is diagnosed less often. Most often it is localized on the head, limbs or face. Externally, the tumor is very similar to a branched tangle of dilated vessels. The characteristic feature of branched hemangioma is noise, jitter and ripple, like an aneurysm.
  • Mixed and composite tumors can consist of blood vessels and other tissues, and also combined subcutaneous and superficial location.
  • Important: it is necessary to highlight senile tumor. This small multiple formation of a reddish-pink color round shape. Senile angiomas appear after 30 years.

    Treatment of angioma

    To diagnose these tumors on the skin easier. It is enough to examine the patient and conduct a palpation. If I suspect angioma of the internal organs, then be sure to conduct the following studies:

    • Ultrasound;
    • x-rays;
    • angiography.
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    For suspected malignant degeneration may need to consult a oncologist. If skin cancer does not cause the patient problems and discomfort, the treatment is not carried out. Sometimes angioma can pass on their own. Usually this happens when thrombosis of vessels feeding the tumor.

    Immediate treatment is carried out in such cases:

    • the rapid growth of the tumor;
    • bleeding;
    • disruption of the body where localized education;
    • cosmetic defect (localization on the face, neck, and head).

    Methods of treatment:

  • Surgical removal shown in the later stages, when education has reached a considerable size, or if other methods of treatment to have the desired effect.
  • Laser therapy is considered the most gentle and effective. With the laser beam is removing the tumor layer by layer, until you reach healthy tissue.
  • Radiation therapy is indicated if the lesion is in an inaccessible place or when significant growth. Usually this method is used for the treatment of tumors on the spine or the brain.
  • Sclerotherapy is the introduction into the cavity of the neoplasm special sclerosing substances. Typically, this use of alcohol 70 percent. The disadvantages of this method is the pain and the need for long-term treatment.
  • Cryotherapy is indicated for small tumors localized in an accessible place. This technique is most often used for the treatment of children.
  • Can also be used in hormonal therapy and surgical diathermy.
  • Surgical excision

    Using a scalpel excised tumor localized in deep layers of the skin. This may include the following surgical methods:

    • ligation of the vessels feeding education;
    • full excision to healthy tissue;
    • flashing vascular neoplasms.
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    The advantages of this method of removal include safety, high efficiency and absence of relapses. This removal method has almost no contraindications, affordable. However, after such surgery scars. The operation will have to be postponed if the patient has herpetic rash on the skin, infectious disease, or inflammatory.

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