Allergic dermatitis in children and treatment of contact dermatitis

Causes of allergic dermatitis and its treatment

Allergic dermatitis is a disease in which the skin formed red skin or scaly patches. Allergic dermatitis in a child can be a symptom of serious disease, so to treat the disease it is impossible. Contact dermatitis requires constant supervision of the physician, good treatment and mandatory preventive measures. How to detect this disease, how to treat and how to care for a child with atopic dermatitis?

  • Clinical symptoms of allergic dermatitis
  • Causes
  • Peculiarities of diagnosis and treatment
  • General guidelines

Clinical symptoms of allergic dermatitis

Allergic dermatitis appear at any age, including adult enough. Patients of different age groups differ in symptoms and treatment. There are three types of the disease depending on the age of the patient:

  • to two years a child;
  • from two to thirteen years children’s;
  • from thirteen to eighteen, teenage.

Looks like a dermatitis, what are the signs say about the disease? In infants the disease usually localized on the face, creases of arms and legs, but can affect the trunk and scalp. Disease severe allergies, there are red brown, which can be either moist or too dry and flaky. In children, the disease usually happens on the background of the child.

Baby dermatitis may be accompanied by redness and swelling of the skin, appearance of erosion and scratching. In adolescents the disease is characterized by pronounced dermatitises lesion, also affecting the hands, neckline.

For every age is characterized by such symptoms of dermatitis:

  • severe itching of the skin;
  • redness;
  • peeling;
  • licentiate;
  • recurrence.

The danger of dermatitis is not only that the child is experiencing discomfort. The lesion may ulcerate or become open sores that can get infected. Infection skin infection by such signs as the appearance of pustular rash, wet spots, high fever, severe swelling, pus or fluid with pressure.

Important! If you find the child has signs of an infection of dermatitis need to immediately seek help from a doctor. The lack of timely treatment can cause pathological changes of the skin or of the transition of the disease into a chronic form!

Causes

Dermatoallergology most often develop because of the peculiarities of the immune system of the child’s body and nesformirovannost or pathologies of the functions of the gastrointestinal system or liver.

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Newborn begins to be subjected to contact with allergens immediately after birth, gradually, the body learns to resist them. But those substances which the liver can’t process, trigger the body’s synthesis of antibodies. In the end, appear on the skin inflammation and rashes.

It is known that atopic dermatitis has a genetic predisposition. If one of the parents was such a problem, the child’s risk of developing atopic dermatitis increased to 80%. Children whose parents were not exposed to this disease in childhood, dermatitis occurs only in 10% of cases.

Also known factors that increase or provoke atopic dermatitis:

  • strong morning sickness during pregnancy;
  • reception mother medicines;
  • overfeeding;
  • violation of the mother’s diet during breastfeeding;
  • introduction of early solid foods.

Most often, the allergen acts as the food, therefore the disease is detected during introduction of complementary foods or when the mother diet for nursing women. But the cause of allergic dermatitis in children lies in the diet, there are other factors contributing to the reaction:

  • use of the wrong hygiene products: creams, talc. wet wipes, shampoo, etc.; and
  • the use of medicines;
  • unfavorable environment;
  • wearing synthetic and too warm clothes, overheating the baby;
  • household chemicals;
  • room ticks;
  • dust and pollen;
  • the change of seasons;
  • stress.

In addition, the cause of allergic dermatitis can be diseases of the digestive system: gastritis, dysbiosis, enterocolitis, and infection with parasites.

Please note! Worms – the most common cause of acute children’s dermatitis. Teach children the rules of personal hygiene and do not forget to carry out regular maintenance of parasites in the whole family!

Peculiarities of diagnosis and treatment

To diagnose atopic dermatitis in children can only specialists. To apply to a pediatrician, and he had to get a referral to an allergist or dermatologist. First the specialist will examine and identify the history – that is, whether the child has a genetic predisposition to dermatitis. Then will be assigned to tests and examinations, may require removal of the immunograms. Only after a full investigation of the health status of the child the doctor will decide how to treat allergic dermatitis.

Including required to take a blood test:

  • General;
  • biochemical;
  • HIV;
  • to immunoglobulin.
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How to treat allergic dermatitis? At the moment, medicine can not completely cure the disease, it is chronic, however, it is possible to achieve a significant relief of the condition, and make relapses more rare and weak.

Treatment of contact dermatitis requires a comprehensive approach and constant monitoring of the health of the child. The goal of treatment is reducing the area and activity of inflammatory processes, elimination of itching, restoring skin structure and maintaining a healthy humidity level. Treatment of atopic dermatitis is aimed at getting rid of related diseases and prevention of progress of the dermatitis.

Important! Comprehensive treatment should appoint a doctor, taking into account the age and physique of the child, stage of the disease and its forms.

  • Diet. As is often the disease is caused by food disorders and allergies, the treatment should start with the correction menu of the child. If the child is breastfed, the diet change should and his mother. From the menu should exclude eggs and seafood, milk, citrus, nuts. Upon detection of Allergy to milk it is necessary to use a mixture of plant-based, including soy – Alcoy, nutrilac soy. If there is an Allergy to gluten, you should give the child a hypoallergenic cereal – Heinz, Remedia, Humana. All products should be imposed only after doctor’s permission. Must be a chair at the child 1-2 times a day, but this is not to overfeed.
  • Important! Children with a tendency to allergic dermatitis it is necessary to give buckwheat, rice, oatmeal porridge, boiled potatoes, branny bread, boiled beef, green apples and dairy products.

  • Antihistamines. To reduce allergic reactions and itching from contact dermatitis are used antihistamines. Means I generation used in severe aggravation when you need a sedative effect. For long-term use of more suitable preparations II and III generation: Zyrtec, Cethrin, and other. That means don’t cause addiction, and drowsiness, so they are more acceptable to children. To have a clinical effect, they need to use for a long time.
  • Important! The need to use antihistamines without sedative effect is determined by the doctor after assessing the condition of the child.

  • Antibiotics and antiseptics. With the development of secondary infection on a background of dermatitis requires the use of systemic antibiotics. A cure with antibiotics, you cannot take more than two weeks. For the local treatment of the affected areas, you can use the solutions Miramistin, Chlorhexidine, Fukortsin, and others. You can also apply ointment Levomikol including, Baktroban, Dermazin, Levosin. These funds should be applied to the skin up to two times a day. To speed up the healing process, you can use creams and ointments Tindal, Bepanten, Solkoseril, Dexpanthenol.
  • The immunomodulators. Immunity disorders can cause contact dermatitis, the treatment in this case should include immunomodulators. These drugs are prescribed in rare cases as adjuvant therapy in a significant deterioration of the immune system. However, their use can cause negative consequences, including the development of autoimmune diseases.
  • Please note! Interference in the work of the immune system requires a serious medical reason!

  • Vitamins. To enhance the effectiveness of therapy pediatricians prescribe to children, the vitamins of group B. It improves the child’s condition, improves immunity and accelerates the process of tissue repair.
  • Restoration of function of the gastrointestinal tract and liver. The specialist may prescribe a two-week drug therapy and physiotherapy, aimed at improving the digestive system and liver functions. Can also be prescribed treatment of parasites.
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    General guidelines

    For allergic dermatitis of the child not to bathe more than 20 minutes in the acute phase should abandon the use of soap and shampoo. The rest of the time you should use hypoallergenic dishwashing. After bathing the baby skin do not need to RUB with a towel, just wipe away excess moisture.

    The child can not use the pool due to the presence of chlorine in the water. Children’s clothes should be roomy without thick seams and rough parts. Change sheets need more than twice a day.

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