Afrin — usage instructions spray and drop for kids
The drug Afrin for kids: instructions for use
For therapy of allergies, use drugs of various dosage forms – tablets, aerosol, ointment and gel reduce the external manifestations, injection – assigned in severe cases. Afrin spray has vasoconstrictor properties that helps to get rid of a cold, a consequence of the activity of allergens in the body. Available in bottles of 15 ml, is of several varieties. Consider how the tool acts on symptoms of nasal congestion and can I use for kids?
- Pharmacological effect and release form
- Instructions for use and composition
- Side effects
- Method of application and doses
- Analogues of the preparation and reviews
Pharmacological effect and release form
The drug comes in a nasal spray. The main active ingredient to help get rid of symptoms of allergic rhinitis – Oxymetazoline. The tool can be of three kinds, different composition.
Note, Afrin – alpha given local drug having a vasoconstrictor effect. Local use (irrigation of the nose) helps to narrow the blood vessels of the Eustachian tube and the paranasal sinuses, which reduces swelling and makes breathing easier nose to runny nose allergic or infectious-inflammatory nature.
As already mentioned, a spray for nasal use is of three types, which differ in their composition. They have a single active substance, the dosage is 500 mcg. Components such as povidone and microcrystalline cellulose provide a higher degree of viscosity that allows the solution to drain into the throat or flow from the sinuses, accordingly, long-term presence in the mucosa leads to limit the current absorption of an ingredient.
Additional components in the form of glycerol and macrogol help to keep the fluid in the mucosa of the nose, eliminates the symptoms of irritation and excessive dryness. After applying the effect occurs after one minute. The therapeutic result is gaining the maximum turnover in 15 minutes. The duration of action is up to 12 hours.
Intranasal application allows you to get rid of the local symptoms of an allergic reaction. The drug is virtually undetectable in plasma body fluids.
Instructions for use and composition
One milliliter of conventional spray Afrin includes 500 micrograms of active substance + povidone, benzyl alcohol, microcrystalline cellulose, flavor with lemon scent, macrogol, purified water, etc.
One milliliter spray «Afrin Moisturizing» contains the same doses of active component + helper components – glycerol, lemon flavoring, sodium hydrogen phosphate, sodium benzyl alcohol, povidone, purified water.
Tool Ekstro consists of Oxymetazoline (500 µg) + microcrystalline cellulose, carmellose of sodium and phosphate of sodium, sodium monohydrate, propylene glycol, levomenthol, purified water, etc.
Indications for use:
- Acute form of rhinitis (including allergic nature);
- Perinatalnyj sinusitis;
- Vasomotor rhinitis;
- Otitis media;
- Medical manipulation with the aim of narrowing the blood vessels of the mucous membrane.
The drug has certain contraindications. They are absolute – it is strictly forbidden the use of the relative – use on the recommendation of a physician and with extreme caution.
Can not be used in atrophic form of rhinitis, intolerance organic basic substance or additional components in parallel use with MAO inhibitors and within 14 days after their cancellation. Afrin for children will not apply until 6 years of age.
Worth knowing: Afrin during pregnancy and breastfeeding is not recommended as studies on the influence on fetal development have not been conducted. Why medication for pregnant women is assigned, taking into account all probable risks.
Instructions for use on Afrin notes that childhood acts as a contraindication only up to 6 years of age. Recommendations on the application gives the pediatrician depending on the severity of allergic reactions and overall health.
The side effects described in the instructions Afrin. For the most part they are easy character, self-leveled after the abolition of the drug. The majority of patients normally received the treatment, the General deterioration of health did not complain.
The use of drugs can lead to the development of the negative effects of local and systemic character. In the first case patients, there is increased dryness and burning sensation in the sinuses, constant sneezing, scratchy throat and mouth.
Systemic adverse reactions:
- Increased anxiety and irritability for no reason;
- Increase in blood pressure;
- Nausea (vomiting is not observed);
- Sleep disturbance, particularly insomnia;
- Fast heartbeat and pulse.
Prolonged use of the drug causes the development of reactive hyperemia, atrophic changes of the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity.
Method of application and doses
The statement notes that medicated drug helps to get rid of runny nose, nasal congestion, allergic nature. Relieves inflammation, irritation, removes puffiness and other symptoms that is caused by the activity of allergens in the human body. Medicine intranasal use only.
Note: before first use it is recommended to conduct a «calibration» of aerosol repeatedly press the sprayer head, which is directed upwards. In subsequent applications every time you need to vigorously shake for 15-20 seconds.
During application into the nostril should get a few drops. It is not recommended to exceed the dosage. Therapeutic course lasts no more than five days.
Excess doses or, inadvertent drugs inside leads to the development of overdose. Observed tachycardia, severe nausea and vomiting, heart palpitations, shortness of breath, rapid increase in blood pressure, disruption of the Central nervous system. Requires therapy corresponding clinical manifestations. If the drug inside – gastric lavage, reception of sorbents (e.g., activated carbon).
Analogues of the preparation and reviews
If inappropriate use of Afrin due to medical contraindications or the development of side effects, doctors recommend the use of similar drugs. These include Otrivin, Naphazoline, Sanorin, Taufon, Dlyanos, Galazolin etc. medicines. They can be used for the treatment of allergic rhinitis.
Counterparts funds Afrin:
- Otrivin is available in spray and drops. The main active ingredient is Xylometazoline hydrochloride. The medication has vasoconstrictor effects, have found widespread use in ENT practice. Prescribed for allergic outbreaks of seasonal nature, for treatment of allergic nasal congestion. Children are allowed only after 12 years of age. During pregnancy it is better to use Otrivin baby;
- Sanorin is the main component of naphazoline nitrate, gives antikongestivne and vasoconstrictive effect. Release form – eye drops. Researching about the permissibility of the use during pregnancy and lactation have not been conducted. Cannot be used in hypertension of expressed atherosclerotic changes, diabetes etc. pathological conditions designated in the regulations;
- Naphazoline. The active substance with biological activity is not effective. Is the drug for adults and children, the funds differ in the dosages. You can use when swelling of the larynx, caused by severe allergic reaction. It is strictly forbidden to combine MAO inhibitors.
You should know: the pharmacy sold a number of products based on sea water, which have identical name and dosage form – «Afrin Pure sea» is childish, isotonic and hypertonic.
Allergies can cause a lot of discomfort to the person. However, not all drugs help as soon as possible to get rid of the manifestations of the disease. Reviews for Afrin undressed – positive opinions about 70%, negative 30%. Consider a few of them:
Valeria, 25 years. Suffer from allergies for a long time, just starting to bloom plants, I instantly stuffy nose, constantly sneezing. Afrin saves, helps to get rid of a cold. But his actions are not enough to 12 hours, and is approximately 7-8. Despite this, the spray is one of the best Allergy drugs.
Kate, 33. Came with a red and swollen nose the doctor prescribed Afrin. Used only once, within an hour felt a strong itch in the nose, then burning, a headache. No longer used, was afraid that the Allergy will be added and other complications.
Afrin should be used as directed. The duration of treatment should not be increased. Use for weeks and longer can lead to relapse of symptoms of sinus congestion.
In conclusion, we note that the drug really works, helps to get rid of runny nose, inflammation and swelling of the mucosa in the nose. Patients in the most positive, which indicates the effectiveness against allergies.